Philippe Leissner

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Three children with very frequent refractory epileptic seizures underwent a behavioral intervention consisting of symptom discrimination, countermeasures, contingent relaxation, and positive reinforcement for correct responses in a systematic replication series. The studies involved a 6-h nonintervention base rate, a 6-h treatment phase, and a 6-h(More)
Actively replicating endogenous retroviruses entered the human genome millions of years ago and became a stable part of the inherited genetic material. They subsequently acquired multiple mutations, leading to the assumption that these viruses no longer replicate. However, certain human tumor cell lines have been shown to release endogenous retroviral(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The existence of differential sensory block during epidural analgesia has been confirmed by some authors and disputed by others. This study attempts to elucidate this issue by using quantitative methods for evaluation of sensory block. METHODS A single epidural injection of 20 mL 0.5% bupivacaine with epinephrine was administered(More)
BACKGROUND One of the most thoroughly studied systems in relation to its prognostic relevance in patients with breast cancer, is the plasminogen activation system that comprises of, among others, the urokinase Plasminogen Activator (uPA) and its main inhibitor, the Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). In this study, we investigated the prognostic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is the most widely used serum biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), despite its limitations. As complementary biomarkers, protein induced by vitamin K absence (PIVKA-II), osteopontin (OPN), and Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) have been proposed. This study aimed to perform a head-to-head comparison of the diagnostic(More)
The epidemiology of neuromuscular diseases was studied in the county of Orebro, Sweden (study population 270,000). Several different sources of data were utilized, compared and validated. On the prevalence of day (January 1, 1988) 474 patients were identified. The rate per 100,000 population was 92 for the postpolio sequelae (PPS) and 84 for the other(More)
The host response to infection by Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite most often responsible for severe malaria, ranges from asymptomatic parasitaemia to death. The clinical trajectory of malaria is influenced by host genetics and parasite load, but the factors determining why some infections produce uncomplicated malaria and some proceed to severe disease(More)
The precursor for nerve growth factor (proNGF) is expressed in some cancers but its clinicopathological significance is unclear. The present study aimed to define the clinicopathological significance of proNGF in thyroid cancer. ProNGF expression was analysed by immunohistochemistry in two cohorts of cancer versus benign tumors (adenoma) and normal thyroid(More)
The effect of a single epidural injection of ropivacaine on the motor and sensory function controlled from the L5/S1 level was investigated in 28 male volunteers. Concentrations of 1%, 0.75%, or 0.5% ropivacaine, 20 mL, administered at the L2/3 level were studied. Motor function was assessed quantitatively (measurement of muscle force by(More)
A single shot of 20 ml of 1%, 0.75% or 0.5% ropivacaine was administered epidurally (at L2/3 level) to 30 volunteers, in a double-blind manner. The blockade of the rectus abdominis muscle was measured quantitatively by registration of the average rectified electromyographic signal (AREMG) at the T7, T9 and T11 motor segmental levels and with a qualitative(More)