Philippe Lalanne

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the circadian blood pressure variations in subjects with or without microalbuminuria (Urinary Albumin Excretion (UAE) between 30 and 300 mg/24 h. Forty-nine non-insulin dependent diabetic subjects with essential arterial hypertension and without proteinuria (UAE < 300 mg/24 h) were consecutively recruited. Systolic(More)
The phenomenon of extraordinary light transmission through metallic films perforated by nanohole arrays at optical frequencies was first observed a decade ago and initiated important further experimental and theoretical work. In view of potential applications of such structures--for example, subwavelength optics, optoelectronics devices, and chemical(More)
It is generally admitted that the extraordinary transmission of metallic grating with very narrow slits is mainly due to the excitation of surface plasmons on the upper and lower interfaces of the grating. We show that the surface plasmon contribution is not the prime effect and that waveguide mode resonance and diffraction are responsible for the(More)
A modified formulation of Maxwell's equations is presented that includes a complex and nonlinear coordinate transform along one or two Cartesian coordinates. The added degrees of freedom in the modified Maxwell's equations allow one to map an infinite space to a finite space and to specify graded perfectly matched absorbing boundaries that allow the(More)
The deposition of an overlay of higher refractive index than the cladding in a Long Period Fiber Grating (LPFG) permits to improve the sensitivity to ambient refractive index changes in a great manner. When the overlay is thick enough, one of the cladding modes is guided by the overlay. This causes important shifts in the effective index values of the(More)
Controlling the launching efficiencies and the directionality of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and their decoupling to freely propagating light is a major goal for the development of plasmonic devices and systems. Here, we report on the design and experimental observation of a highly efficient unidirectional surface plasmon launcher composed of eleven(More)
We derive closed-form expressions for the effective index of subwavelength gratings up to the fourth and the second order for TE and TM polarization, respectively. These expressions are valid for arbitrary grating structures and are a generalization of previous results obtained for lamellar gratings with one groove per period (a structure often called a(More)
We experimentally investigate the spontaneous emission (SE) rates of single InAs quantum dots embedded in GaAs photonic nanowires. For a diameter leading to the optimal confinement of the fundamental guided mode HE11, the coupling to HE11 dominates the SE process and an increase of the SE rate by a factor of 1.5 is achieved. When the diameter is decreased,(More)
The new formulation of the coupled-wave analysis recently proposed by Lalanne and Morris [J. that drastically improves the convergence performance of the method for lamellar gratings and for TM polarization is shown to be badly conditioned for gratings with a small thickness. Numerical evidence obtained with the coupled-wave analysis and with the(More)
We present a stable and efficient method for the Bloch-mode computation of one-dimensional grating waveguides. The approach uses the Fourier modal method and the S-matrix algorithm to remove numerical instabilities. The use of perfectly matched layers provide a high accuracy. Numerical results obtained for different lamellar grating waveguides and for both(More)