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Dual labelling methods were employed for the electron microscopic detection of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) immunoreactivity, together with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) or neuropeptide Y (NPY) immunoreactivity in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of colchicine pretreated and untreated rats. These methods involved the combined use of diaminobenzidine(More)
This study examines the ultrastructural relationships established by the nigrostriatal dopaminergic and the corticostriatal afferent fibers with neuropeptide Y (NPY)-containing neurons in the rat striatum. By means of dual immunolabeling procedures using peroxidase conjugated F(ab) fragments and 125I-labeled protein A, direct appositions and morphologically(More)
Intralaminar thalamic nuclei represent a major site of non-dopaminergic degeneration in Parkinson disease, but the impact of this degeneration on the pathophysiological functioning of basal ganglia remains unknown. To address this issue, we compared the effects of 6-hydroxydopamine-induced lesions of nigral dopamine neurons alone or combined with(More)
Nigral depletion of the main brain antioxidant GSH is the earliest biochemical event involved in Parkinson's disease pathogenesis. Its causes are completely unknown but increasing number of evidence suggests that glutamate transporters [excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs)] are the main route by which GSH precursors may enter the cell. In this study,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder whose etiology, besides a minority of genetic cases, is still largely unknown. Animal models have contributed to elucidate PD etiology and pathogenesis, as well as its cellular and molecular mechanisms, leading to the general hypothesis that this neurological disorder is due to complex(More)
Striatin, a recently isolated rat brain calmodulin-binding protein belonging to the WD-repeat protein family, is thought to be part of a calcium signal transduction pathway presumably specific to excitatory synapses, at least in the striatum. This study was aimed to specify the cellular and subcellular localization of striatin, and to determine the possible(More)
Striatin, a 110-kDa protein, is the first member of the tryptophane-aspartate repeat protein family known to bind calmodulin in the presence of Ca2+. We examined the distribution of striatin and its mRNA in the rat central nervous system (CNS) by using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively. Striatin immunostaining and mRNA labeling(More)
By means of dual immunohistochemical labeling on the same brain section examined with a light microscope, the present study reports the presence with serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), substance P (SP), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), leucin-enkephalin (LEU-enk), or methionine-enkephalin (MET-enk), within the same(More)
Striatal interneurons play key roles in basal ganglia function and related disorders by modulating the activity of striatal projection neurons. Here we have injected rabies virus (RV) into either the rat substantia nigra pars reticulata or the globus pallidus and took advantage of the trans-synaptic spread of RV to unequivocally identify the interneurons(More)
This study examined the cellular changes produced in the striatum by chronic L-DOPA treatment and prolonged subthalamic nucleus high-frequency stimulation (STN-HFS) applied separately, successively, or in association, in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Only animals showing severe L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) were(More)