Philippe Kachidian

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Previous studies have shown that the striatum expresses very low levels of Na+/Cl(-)-dependent "orphan" transporter Rxt1 transcripts but contains high levels of protein. This study investigated the origin of Rxt1 expression in rat striatum. Striatal Rxt1 contents assessed by immunocytochemistry or western blotting were found to be significantly reduced(More)
This study examines the ultrastructural relationships established by the nigrostriatal dopaminergic and the corticostriatal afferent fibers with neuropeptide Y (NPY)-containing neurons in the rat striatum. By means of dual immunolabeling procedures using peroxidase conjugated F(ab) fragments and 125I-labeled protein A, direct appositions and morphologically(More)
Nigral depletion of the main brain antioxidant GSH is the earliest biochemical event involved in Parkinson's disease pathogenesis. Its causes are completely unknown but increasing number of evidence suggests that glutamate transporters [excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs)] are the main route by which GSH precursors may enter the cell. In this study,(More)
Catecholamines in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) have been implicated in autonomic responses to circulating hormones that act on neurons in the area postrema, the most caudal circumventricular organ in brain. We combined immunoperoxidase labeling of the anterograde tracer, Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHAL) with immunogold-silver labeling of(More)
Dual labelling methods were employed for the electron microscopic detection of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) immunoreactivity, together with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) or neuropeptide Y (NPY) immunoreactivity in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of colchicine pretreated and untreated rats. These methods involved the combined use of diaminobenzidine(More)
Striatin, a recently isolated rat brain calmodulin-binding protein belonging to the WD-repeat protein family, is thought to be part of a calcium signal transduction pathway presumably specific to excitatory synapses, at least in the striatum. This study was aimed to specify the cellular and subcellular localization of striatin, and to determine the possible(More)
Striatin, a 110-kDa protein, is the first member of the tryptophane-aspartate repeat protein family known to bind calmodulin in the presence of Ca2+. We examined the distribution of striatin and its mRNA in the rat central nervous system (CNS) by using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively. Striatin immunostaining and mRNA labeling(More)
By means of dual immunohistochemical labeling on the same brain section examined with a light microscope, the present study reports the presence with serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), substance P (SP), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), leucin-enkephalin (LEU-enk), or methionine-enkephalin (MET-enk), within the same(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the progressive degeneration of substantia nigra (SN) dopamine neurons, involving a multifactorial cascade of pathogenic events. Here we explored the hypothesis that dysfunction of excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) might be involved. Acutely-induced dysfunction of EAATs in the rat SN, by single(More)
This study examined the cellular changes produced in the striatum by chronic L-DOPA treatment and prolonged subthalamic nucleus high-frequency stimulation (STN-HFS) applied separately, successively, or in association, in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Only animals showing severe L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) were(More)