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This study examines the ultrastructural relationships established by the nigrostriatal dopaminergic and the corticostriatal afferent fibers with neuropeptide Y (NPY)-containing neurons in the rat striatum. By means of dual immunolabeling procedures using peroxidase conjugated F(ab) fragments and 125I-labeled protein A, direct appositions and morphologically(More)
Nigral depletion of the main brain antioxidant GSH is the earliest biochemical event involved in Parkinson's disease pathogenesis. Its causes are completely unknown but increasing number of evidence suggests that glutamate transporters [excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs)] are the main route by which GSH precursors may enter the cell. In this study,(More)
Catecholamines in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) have been implicated in autonomic responses to circulating hormones that act on neurons in the area postrema, the most caudal circumventricular organ in brain. We combined immunoperoxidase labeling of the anterograde tracer, Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHAL) with immunogold-silver labeling of(More)
Dual labelling methods were employed for the electron microscopic detection of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) immunoreactivity, together with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) or neuropeptide Y (NPY) immunoreactivity in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of colchicine pretreated and untreated rats. These methods involved the combined use of diaminobenzidine(More)
Striatin, a recently isolated rat brain calmodulin-binding protein belonging to the WD-repeat protein family, is thought to be part of a calcium signal transduction pathway presumably specific to excitatory synapses, at least in the striatum. This study was aimed to specify the cellular and subcellular localization of striatin, and to determine the possible(More)
Striatin, a 110-kDa protein, is the first member of the tryptophane-aspartate repeat protein family known to bind calmodulin in the presence of Ca2+. We examined the distribution of striatin and its mRNA in the rat central nervous system (CNS) by using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively. Striatin immunostaining and mRNA labeling(More)
By means of dual immunohistochemical labeling on the same brain section examined with a light microscope, the present study reports the presence with serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), substance P (SP), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), leucin-enkephalin (LEU-enk), or methionine-enkephalin (MET-enk), within the same(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder whose etiology, besides a minority of genetic cases, is still largely unknown. Animal models have contributed to elucidate PD etiology and pathogenesis, as well as its cellular and molecular mechanisms, leading to the general hypothesis that this neurological disorder is due to complex(More)
The expression of Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has been demonstrated in motoneurons of several species. We have investigated in adult rats the influence of transection of the spinal cord on CGRP immunoreactivity of motoneurons located below the section. Quantative analysis has been performed with computer-assisted image analysis. As early as 48 h(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the progressive degeneration of substantia nigra (SN) dopamine neurons, involving a multifactorial cascade of pathogenic events. Here we explored the hypothesis that dysfunction of excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) might be involved. Acutely-induced dysfunction of EAATs in the rat SN, by single(More)