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UNLABELLED Whether tracheal intubation is more difficult in obese patients is debatable. We compared the incidence of difficult tracheal intubation in obese and lean patients by using a recently validated objective scale, the intubation difficulty scale (IDS). We studied 134 lean (body mass index, <30 kg/m2) and 129 obese (body mass index, >or=35 kg/m2)… (More)
OBJECTIVES When managing airways in a prehospital setting, emergency physicians have to deal with difficult intubation (DI), which increases morbidity and mortality. The primary goal of this study was to determine predictors of DI in the out-of-hospital field faced by the French physician-staffed Emergency Medical Service. METHODS The study was a… (More)
BACKGROUND On November 13th, 2015, terrorist bomb explosions and gunshots occurred in Paris, France, with 129 people immediately killed, and more than 300 being injured. This article describes the staff organization, surgical management, and patterns of injuries in casualties who were referred to the Teaching European Hospital Georges Pompidou. METHODS… (More)
UNLABELLED Recovery from anesthesia might be compromised in obese patients. Because of its pharmacological properties, desflurane might allow rapid postoperative recovery for these patients. We compared postoperative recovery for 36 obese patients randomized to receive either desflurane, propofol, or isoflurane to maintain anesthesia during laparoscopic… (More)
UNLABELLED Recovery from prolonged anesthesia might be compromised in elderly patients. Desflurane (DES) may be particularly well suited to achieve a rapid postoperative recovery because of its low lipid solubility. Postoperative recovery was compared in 45 elderly patients randomized to receive either DES, isoflurane (ISO), or propofol (PRO) to maintain… (More)
Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) have been shown in vivo as well as in vitro to affect the respiratory function and in particular the immune response to infection and allergens. In the current study, we investigated the effect of DEPs on the production of phosphatidylcholine (PC), a major constituent of surfactant, by rat alveolar type II (ATII) primary… (More)
IMPLICATIONS This work shows that the insertion of a peripheral venous line is more difficult in obese than in lean patients. The usual recommendation, that a central venous line should be inserted routinely in obese patients to perform anesthesia, is not valid.
IMPLICATIONS Previous studies have shown that obese patients have a larger volume of gastric content than lean patients do. However, methodological limitations call into question the validity of these findings. We have reexamined this issue and found identical gastric content volumes in fasting obese and lean subjects after an 8-h fast.
The post-operative period is particularly dangerous for obese patients. The aim of this study was to compare the immediate post-operative course after either laparoscopic or open gastroplasty. We studied retrospectively 20 and 14 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic or open adjustable silicone gastric banding, respectively. After the laparoscopic… (More)