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Journals and Conferences
UNLABELLED Whether tracheal intubation is more difficult in obese patients is debatable. We compared the incidence of difficult tracheal intubation in obese and lean patients by using a recently validated objective scale, the intubation difficulty scale (IDS). We studied 134 lean (body mass index, <30 kg/m2) and 129 obese (body mass index, >or=35 kg/m2)… (More)
UNLABELLED Recovery from anesthesia might be compromised in obese patients. Because of its pharmacological properties, desflurane might allow rapid postoperative recovery for these patients. We compared postoperative recovery for 36 obese patients randomized to receive either desflurane, propofol, or isoflurane to maintain anesthesia during laparoscopic… (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possible place of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) as a reversible and adjustable option offering the possibility of sustaining life until the hospital stay for patients with advanced life-support limitations and life-threatening respiratory distress in the prehospital setting. METHODS Patients managed by a… (More)
BACKGROUND On November 13th, 2015, terrorist bomb explosions and gunshots occurred in Paris, France, with 129 people immediately killed, and more than 300 being injured. This article describes the staff organization, surgical management, and patterns of injuries in casualties who were referred to the Teaching European Hospital Georges Pompidou. METHODS… (More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To evaluate the decision criteria leading to refrain from starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the prehospital setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS We conducted a prospective, descriptive study, in a physician-staffed emergency medical service during a 12 month period. All patients presenting with a cardiac arrest were included.… (More)
IMPLICATIONS Previous studies have shown that obese patients have a larger volume of gastric content than lean patients do. However, methodological limitations call into question the validity of these findings. We have reexamined this issue and found identical gastric content volumes in fasting obese and lean subjects after an 8-h fast.
Diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) have been shown in vivo as well as in vitro to affect the respiratory function and in particular the immune response to infection and allergens. In the current study, we investigated the effect of DEPs on the production of phosphatidylcholine (PC), a major constituent of surfactant, by rat alveolar type II (ATII) primary… (More)
Antidiuretic hormone and parathyroid hormone (PTH) inhibit HCO3- absorption by the rat medullary thick ascending limb (MTAL). Studies were performed on rat MTAL tubule suspension to specify the H(+)-HCO3- membrane transporters affected by these hormones and the implicated intracellular second messengers. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) and PTH stimulated cell… (More)
IMPLICATIONS This work shows that the insertion of a peripheral venous line is more difficult in obese than in lean patients. The usual recommendation, that a central venous line should be inserted routinely in obese patients to perform anesthesia, is not valid.
UNLABELLED Recovery from prolonged anesthesia might be compromised in elderly patients. Desflurane (DES) may be particularly well suited to achieve a rapid postoperative recovery because of its low lipid solubility. Postoperative recovery was compared in 45 elderly patients randomized to receive either DES, isoflurane (ISO), or propofol (PRO) to maintain… (More)