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To study the role of the Na,K-ATPase beta subunit in the ion transport activity, we have coexpressed the Bufo alpha 1 subunit (alpha 1) with three different isotypes of beta subunits, the Bufo Na,K-ATPase beta 1 (beta 1NaK) or beta 3 (beta 3NaK) subunit or the beta subunit of the rabbit gastric H,K-ATPase (beta HK), by cRNA injection in Xenopus oocyte. We(More)
Na,K-ATPase and H,K-ATPase are the only members of the P-type ATPases in which a glycosylated beta-subunit is part of the purified active enzyme. In this study, we have followed the synthesis and the posttranslational processing of the beta-subunit of H,K-ATPase (beta HK) in Xenopus oocytes injected with beta HK cRNA and have tested whether it can act as a(More)
Subunit assembly plays an essential role in the maturation of oligomeric proteins. In this study, we have characterized the main structural and functional consequences of the assembly of alpha and beta subunits of Na,K-ATPase. Xenopus oocytes injected with alpha and/or beta cRNA were treated with brefeldin A, which permitted the accumulation of individual(More)
Initial folding is a prerequisite for subunit assembly in oligomeric proteins. In this study, we have compared the role of co-translational modifications in the acquisition of an assembly-competent conformation of the beta subunit, the assembly of which is required for the structural and functional maturation of the catalytic Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit.(More)
The minimal functional Na,K-ATPase unit is composed of a catalytic alpha-subunit and a glycosylated beta-subunit. So far three putative beta-isoforms have been described, but only beta 1-isoforms have been identified clearly as part of a purified active enzyme complex. In this study we provide evidence that a putative beta 3-isoform might be the functional(More)
The active Na+/K+ pump is composed of an alpha and a beta subunit. Until now, three putative isoforms of the beta subunit have been identified that share sequence similarity. We have expressed the beta 1 and beta 3 isoforms of Xenopus laevis Na+/K(+)-ATPase in Xenopus oocytes to compare functional properties of the Na+/K+ pump, including either of these two(More)
The ubiquitous Na,K- and the gastric H,K-pumps are heterodimeric plasma membrane proteins composed of an alpha and a beta subunit. The H,K-ATPase beta subunit (beta HK) can partially act as a surrogate for the Na,K-ATPase beta subunit (beta NK) in the formation of functional Na,K-pumps (Horisberger et al., 1991. J. Biol. Chem. 257:10338-10343). We have(More)
In small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) tumour cell contamination of leukaphereses is unknown. The present study was performed to define appropriate markers for reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), then to assess the contamination rate of leukaphereses and corresponding bone marrow samples. Immunocytochemistry (ICC) and RT-PCR methods were(More)
PCR of a Candida albicans cytochrome P-450 lanosterol-alpha-demethylase (P450-L1A1) gene segment is a rapid and sensitive method of detection in clinical specimens. This enzyme is a target for azole antifungal action. In order to directly detect and identify the clinically most important species of Candida, we cloned and sequenced 1.3-kbp fragments of the(More)
To define the structural basis of oligomerization for the alpha- and beta-subunits of Na,K-ATPase, we have attempted to identify the amino acids in the C-terminus of the beta-subunit that are involved in subunit assembly. We predicted that the last 10 amino acids form a beta-strand-like structure exposing on one side a hydrophilic and on the other side a(More)