Philippe J M Bouvet

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Nucleolin is an abundant protein of the nucleolus. Nucleolar proteins structurally related to nucleolin are found in organisms ranging from yeast to plants and mammals. The association of several structural domains in nucleolin allows the interaction of nucleolin with different proteins and RNA sequences. Nucleolin has been implicated in chromatin(More)
The first processing step of precursor ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) involves a cleavage within the 5' external transcribed spacer. This processing requires sequences downstream of the cleavage site which are perfectly conserved among human, mouse and Xenopus and also several small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs): U3, U14, U17 and E3. In this study, we show that(More)
The incorporation of histone H1 into chromatin during embryogenesis directs the specific repression of the Xenopus oocyte 5S rRNA genes. An increase in histone H1 content specifically restricts TFIIIA-activated transcription, and a decrease in histone H1 within chromatin facilitates the activation of the oocyte 5S rRNA genes by TFIIIA. Variation in the(More)
BACKGROUND Since the 1980s, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), especially E. coli O157:H7, has been an important cause of food borne disease in industrial countries. In France, as there was no routine screening for STEC in clinical laboratories, enhanced surveillance of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in children less than 15 years of age was(More)
Telomeres can fold into t-loops that may result from the invasion of the 3′ overhang into duplex DNA. Their formation is facilitated in vitro by the telomeric protein TRF2, but very little is known regarding the mechanisms involved. Here we reveal that TRF2 generates positive supercoiling and condenses DNA. Using a variety of TRF2 mutants, we demonstrate a(More)
Nucleolin is an abundant nucleolar protein, which plays an essential, but largely unknown role in ribosome biogenesis. Nucleolin contains four consensus RNA-binding domains (CS-RBD), the presence of which suggests that the molecular function of this protein is likely reflected by its RNA-binding properties. Indeed, by immunocytological analysis performed on(More)
Nucleolin, a major RNA binding protein of the nucleolus is found associated mainly to the pre-ribosomal particles and is absent from the cytoplasmic mature ribosomes. The role of this protein in ribosome biogenesis remains largely unknown, and is likely to be reflected by its RNA binding properties. Nucleolin contains in its central domain four RNA(More)
The phylogenetic relationships of 49 Acinetobacter strains, 46 of which have previously been classified into 18 genomic species by DNA-DNA hybridization studies, were investigated using the nucleotide sequence of gyrB, the structural gene for the DNA gyrase B subunit. The phylogenetic tree showed linkages between genomic species 1 (Acinetobacter(More)
Remodeling machines play an essential role in the control of gene expression, but how their activity is regulated is not known. Here we report that the nuclear protein nucleolin possesses a histone chaperone activity and that this factor greatly enhances the activity of the chromatin remodeling machineries SWI/SNF and ACF. Interestingly, nucleolin is able(More)
Nucleolin is a major component of the nucleolus, but is also found in other cell compartments. This protein is involved in various aspects of ribosome biogenesis from transcription regulation to the assembly of pre-ribosomal particles; however, many reports suggest that it could also play an important role in non nucleolar functions. To explore nucleolin(More)