Philippe J. Dubois

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Increased atmospheric CO2 emissions are inducing changes in seawater carbon chemistry, lowering its pH, decreasing carbonate ion availability and reducing calcium carbonate saturation state. This phenomenon, known as ocean acidification, is happening at a faster rate in cold regions, i.e., polar and sub-polar waters. The larval development of Arbacia(More)
—We report on the characterization, active tuning, and modeling of the first mode resonance frequency of dielectric electroactive polymer (DEAP) membranes. Unlike other resonance frequency tuning techniques, the tuning procedure presented here requires no external actuators or variable elements. Compliant electrodes were sputtered or implanted on both sides(More)
Proceedings of SPIE Volume 6927 and is made available as an electronic reprint (preprint) with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial(More)
Morphogenesis of tissues during regeneration of echinoderm spines and pedicellariae is reviewed. Regeneration of the skeleton is rather well documented while that of associated soft tissues is poorly investigated. In particular, little information is available on the early regeneration stages which follow wound healing. From the available information, it is(More)
Pathological findings in 20 cases of glioblastoma multiforme were correlated with clinical histories and computerized tomographic (CT) scans. This was done to define the neoplasm in three stages: before treatment, during remission, and during recurrence. The untreated lesions were markedly cellular neoplasms composed predominantly of small anaplastic cells.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of our study was to analyze the diffusion properties of intracranial hematomas to understand the effects of hematomas on diffusion-weighted MR images of patients with acute stroke and to further our understanding of the evolution of signal intensities of hematomas on conventional MR images. We hypothesized that hematomas(More)
This paper reports the results of the first dynamic labeling experiment with regenerating spines of sea urchins Paracentrotus lividus using the stable isotope ²⁶Mg and NanoSIMS high-resolution isotopic imaging, which provide a direct information about the growth process. Growing spines were labeled twice (for 72 and 24 h, respectively) by increasing the(More)
Metrizamide computed tomography (CT) myelography is clinically useful in the detection of syringohydromyelia. The mechanism by which intrathecally injected metrizamide migrates into the intramedullary cavity is unknown, although reflux into the central canal of the cord via the obex has been postulated. Since intrathecally injected metrizamide has been(More)
Eighteen patients with posttraumatic paraplegia were examined myelographically at 2 months to 30 years after the injury, and the findings correlated with surgical exploration. The following six myelographic patterns were seen: 1) tethered cord and subarachnoid adhesions; 2) proximal cord cysts; 3) loculated subarachnoid cysts; 4) proximal cord atrophy; 5)(More)
The cuticles of the pedicellaria primordia in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus and of the tube foot disk in the sea star Asterias rubens were preserved by different methods, viz., glutaraldehyde fixation followed by osmium tetroxide postfixation, glutaraldehyde-ruthenium red fixation followed by osmium tetroxide-ruthenium red postfixation, and two fast(More)