Philippe Hupé

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MOTIVATION Genomic DNA regions are frequently lost or gained during tumor progression. Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (array CGH) technology makes it possible to assess these changes in DNA in cancers, by comparison with a normal reference. The identification of systematically deleted or amplified genomic regions in a set of tumors enables(More)
Interleukin 17 (IL-17)–producing T helper 17 cells (TH-17 cells) have been described as a T helper cell subset distinct from T helper type 1 (TH1) and TH2 cells, with specific functions in antimicrobial defense and autoimmunity. The factors driving human TH-17 differentiation remain controversial. Using a systematic approach combining experimental and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are noncoding RNAs that regulate multiple cellular processes, including proliferation and apoptosis. We used microarray technology to identify miRNAs that were upregulated by non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells in response to cisplatin (CDDP). The corresponding synthetic miRNA precursors (pre-miRNAs) per se were not lethal when(More)
Basal-like carcinomas (BLCs) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 overexpressing (HER2+) carcinomas are the subgroups of breast cancers that have the most aggressive clinical behaviour. In contrast to HER2+ carcinomas, no targeted therapy is currently available for the treatment of patients with BLCs. In order to discover potential therapeutic(More)
MOTIVATION The identification of recurrent genomic alterations can provide insight into the initiation and progression of genetic diseases, such as cancer. Array-CGH can identify chromosomal regions that have been gained or lost, with a resolution of approximately 1 mb, for the cutting-edge techniques. The extraction of discrete profiles from raw array-CGH(More)
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a frequent paediatric extra cranial solid tumor characterized by the occurrence of unbalanced chromosome translocations, frequently, but not exclusively, involving chromosomes 1 and 17. We have used a 1 Mb resolution BAC array to further refine the mapping of breakpoints in NB cell lines. Replication timing profiles were evaluated in 7(More)
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) is a recently developed technique for analyzing changes in DNA copy number. As in all microarray analyses, normalization is required to correct for experimental artifacts while preserving the true biological signal. We investigated various sources of systematic variation in array-CGH data and(More)
MOTIVATION Microarray-based CGH (Comparative Genomic Hybridization), transcriptome arrays and other large-scale genomic technologies are now routinely used to generate a vast amount of genomic profiles. Exploratory analysis of this data is crucial in helping to understand the data and to help form biological hypotheses. This step requires visualization of(More)
T helper 17 (Th17) cells produce IL-17 but can also make tumor necrosis factor, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, IL-21, and IL-22. These cytokines collectively contribute to the functional outcome of the Th response. IL-22 plays a critical role in some Th17-associated diseases, such as psoriasis, but its relationship to IL-17 remains controversial. Here, we used(More)
Random X inactivation represents a paradigm for monoallelic gene regulation during early ES cell differentiation. In mice, the choice of X chromosome to inactivate in XX cells is ensured by monoallelic regulation of Xist RNA via its antisense transcription unit Tsix/Xite. Homologous pairing events have been proposed to underlie asymmetric Tsix expression,(More)