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The prevalence of impaired oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Germany is unknown. The aim was to determine the OHRQoL distribution in the population and to derive population-based norms. OHRQoL was measured using the German version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-G, 53 items) which was administered in a personal interview to 2050(More)
PURPOSE Periodontitis has been linked to the occurrence of various systemic diseases. The goal of this study was to explore the periodontitis-cancer association in the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. METHODS Data were available on 11,328 adults, age 25 to 74 years, who were diagnosed as dentate individuals with either periodontitis (n = 2092),(More)
Case reports and cohort studies have linked bisphosphonate therapy and osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ), but neither causality nor specific risks for lesion development have been clearly established. We conducted a 1:3 case-control study with three dental Practice-based Research Networks, using dentist questionnaires and patient interviews for collection of(More)
BACKGROUND This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations developed by a panel convened by the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs. This report addresses the potential benefits and potential risks of screening for oral squamous cell carcinomas and the use of adjunctive screening aids to visualize and detect potentially(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this case-control study was to determine whether the radiographic appearance of the mandibular cortical bone in patients who were elderly and noninstitutionalized was related to a self-reported history of osteoporotic fractures. STUDY DESIGN Patients who had a billing statement at the School of Dentistry dated between 1993 and(More)
Fifty-one patients were enrolled in this study to explore the treatment effects of material stiffness and frequency of appliance change when using clear, sequential, removable appliances (aligners). Patients were stratified based on pretreatment peer assessment rating (PAR) scores and need for extractions. They were randomized into 4 treatment protocols:(More)
Children born with a facial cleft are not thought to be at a greater risk for infant mortality than are those without congenital anomalies. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the presence of a facial cleft alone or its coexistence with other anomalies increases a child's risk for dying. Birth and death certificate data from Washington(More)
SUBJECTS The study included 230 patients (60% female) with a total of 423 wisdom tooth extractions. The patients were treated by 2 oral surgeons between July 1998 and July 2002 in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. GOLD STANDARD The authors reported that the extraction was inspected for(More)
Dental caries is a pandemic infectious disease which can affect the quality of life and consumes considerable health care resources. The chewing of xylitol, sorbitol, and even sugar gum has been suggested to reduce caries rates. No clinical study has simultaneously investigated the effectiveness of these gums when compared with a group receiving no chewing(More)
The effect of 2-year chewing-gum use on the caries rates of primary teeth was studied in a combined school and home program in a sample of 510 initially 6-year-old subjects with high caries experience, low availability of fluoride, and difficult access to dental care. The gum, formed into either sticks or pellets, comprised either xylitol, sorbitol, or(More)