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Morphometric analysis of brain structures recently has become a main focus of interest in studies of some neuropsychiatric diseases. Limitations in imaging and mensuration methodology that is available currently for quantitative measurement of anatomic structures have prompted the development of a computerized system to study brain morphometry. A menudriven(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the formation of bacterial biofilms on the surface of the electrode array of cochlear implants (CI) explanted because of device failure, without evidence of infection, by use of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). STUDY DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Patients from 2 tertiary-care(More)
Impact of early post-natal deafening on auditory pathways was investigated in newborn rats deafened by daily amikacin injections from P7 to P16 inducing a complete destruction of the organ of Corti. The expression of mRNAs encoding N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole (AMPA) and gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A))(More)
OBJECT The object of this study was to evaluate the natural history, pattern, and occurrence of tumor growth and its consequences for treatment of small-sized vestibular schwannomas (VSs). METHODS From 1990 to 2005, 386 patients underwent conservative management for VS because of the following: age > 60 years, poor health/medical risks, risk of(More)
The Reissner's membrane (RM) separates in the mammalian cochlea the K(+)-rich endolymph from the Na(+)-rich perilymph. The patch-clamp technique was used to investigate the transport mechanisms in epithelial cells of RM freshly dissected from the guinea pig cochlea. This study shows a stretch-activated nonselective cationic channel (SA channel) with a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Instability of the vascular tone (vasomotion) develops in several cerebrovascular diseases associated with endothelial dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to characterize cerebral vasomotion induced by diminished NO production with quantitative evaluation and chaos analysis. We tested the hypothesis that activation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE High recurrence rates and early recurrence have been reported for juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) involving the skull base. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced CT scanning for the detection of residual disease (RD) in the early postoperative course after surgical excision(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the accuracy of CT angiography of occlusive disease of the carotid arteries using three-dimensional surface-rendered images alone and in conjunction with display of axial source images. METHODS Forty-eight symptomatic patients had conventional angiography followed by CT angiography within 24 hours. Images of 96 carotid arteries were(More)
The carcinogenic potential of environmental xenoestrogens (i.e., organochlorines) is a matter of controversy. Their pathogenic role as promoters in breast cancer has been previously suggested. In Europe, despite their prohibition since the '70s, residues persist in soil and rivers resulting in a widespread contamination of the general population. In this(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A rapid and accurate MR imaging technique would be beneficial to assess paragangliomas in the head and neck and to distinguish them from other lesions. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the combination of elliptic centric contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) and unenhanced and enhanced spin-echo imaging(More)