Philippe H Diolez

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We previously have shown that Nicotiana sylvestris cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) mutants I and II present large mtDNA deletions and that the NAD7 subunit of complex I (the main dehydrogenase of the mitochondrial respiratory chain) is absent in CMS I. Here, we show that, despite a large difference in size in the mtDNA deletion, CMS I and II display similar(More)
TNFR1/Fas engagement results in the cleavage of cytosolic Bid to truncated Bid (tBid), which translocates to mitochondria. We demonstrate that recombinant tBid induces in vitro immediate destabilization of the mitochondrial bioenergetic homeostasis. These alterations result in mild uncoupling of mitochondrial state-4 respiration, associated with an(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to assess the effects of targeted exercise programs on health-related quality of life compared with usual care based on the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores in geriatric institutionalized persons. METHODS A randomized controlled trial of 2 exercise programs vs usual(More)
Upon induction of permeability transition with different agents (Ca2+, tert-butyl hydroperoxide, atractyloside), mouse hepatocyte mitochondria manifest a disruption of outer membrane integrity leading to the release of cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), two proteins which are involved in programmed cell death (apoptosis). Chelation of Ca2+(More)
The effects of temperature on the control of respiration rate, phosphorylation rate, proton leakage rate, the protonmotive force and the effective ATP/O ratio were determined in isolated rat liver mitochondria over a range of respiratory conditions by applying top-down elasticity and control analyses. Simultaneous measurements of membrane potential,(More)
Commonly, muscle phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery from exercise has been fitted to a monoexponential function. However, a number of experiments indicate that at low muscle pH, a monoexponential fit is not suitable. We have performed in vivo 31P-MRS measurements of PCr during recovery from high-intensity intermittent exercise where muscle pH dropped below 6.5(More)
S6 kinase (S6K) deletion in metazoans causes small cell size, insulin hypersensitivity, and metabolic adaptations; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here we show that S6K-deficient skeletal muscle cells have increased AMP and inorganic phosphate levels relative to ATP and phosphocreatine, causing AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)(More)
The process of skeletal muscle aging is characterized by a progressive loss of muscle mass and functionality. The underlying mechanisms are highly complex and remain unclear. This study was designed to further investigate the consequences of aging on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in rat gastrocnemius muscle, by comparing young (6 months) and aged(More)
Changes in mitochondrial matrix volume were studied both on isolated mitochondria and in situ on CHME 5 human microglia and monoblastoid U 937 cells using multiparametric flow cytometric analysis. The use of specific effectors of mitochondrial activity (oligomycin and KCN) allowed the demonstration, on whole cells, of a strict correlation between light(More)
Microglia are immune cells within the central nervous system. In brain-developing tumors, gliomas are able to silence the defense and immune functions of microglia, a phenomenon which strongly contributes to tumor progression and treatment resistance. Being activated and highly motile, microglia infiltrate tumors and secrete macrophagic chemoattractant(More)