Learn More
The aim of the study was to define criteria for left ventricular pacing in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) using an echocardiographic evaluation of interventricular electromechanical delay (IMD) and a correlation of IMD to QRS duration. Standard 12-lead ECG and echocardiography with pulsed Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) were recorded in 35 DCM patients (mean age(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to be a robust and noninvasive method to assess left ventricular (LV) cardiac function. This study sought to assess volumes and mass calculated with MRI using fast techniques for acquisition and postprocessing, and to compare results in terms of cost-effectiveness with those of(More)
The antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae was surveyed in 1970-1990 at Saint Joseph and Broussais hospitals in Paris (3,279 isolates) and in 1984-1990 at the National Reference Center for Pneumococci (NRCP) in Créteil (8,128 isolates). All isolates were tested for susceptibility and serotyped. At St. Joseph and Broussais hospitals, the rate(More)
The chromosomal genotypes of 277 isolates of 16 serotypes of Streptococcus agalactiae were characterized by analysis of electrophoretically demonstrable allele profiles at 12 metabolic enzyme loci. The collection comprised the type strain and 276 strains recovered from French symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects. Sixty-one distinctive electrophoretic types(More)
CONTEXT The spread of drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in the community is a public health problem in developed and developing nations, but whether antibiotic use is responsible for the increase in drug resistance is not known. OBJECTIVE To analyze the relationship between penicillin-resistant S pneumoniae (PRSp) pharyngeal carriage and(More)
One hundred and eleven strains of Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from vaginas of asymptomatic women were characterized by determination of restriction length polymorphism profiles of rDNA regions (rDNA RFLP patterns) and serotyping. Thirty-five different PstI rDNA RFLP patterns were identified. Half of the strains fell into only seven of these 35 groups.(More)
From September 1985 to December 1986, 100 patients undergoing percutaneous placement of a transvenous "LGM" caval filter were included in a multicenter prospective trial. Peripheral venograms completed by pulmonary arteriography or scintigraphy were obtained for all patients. Eighty-five patients had experienced pulmonary embolism, 59 had iliocaval(More)
We evaluated the in vitro killing activities of ceftriaxone, imipenem, vancomycin, gentamicin, fosfomycin, and rifampin, alone and in combination, against 26 Streptococcus pneumoniae strains (penicillin G MICs, > 0.125 to 2 micrograms/ml) isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of children with meningitis. The antibiotics were tested at clinically achievable(More)
A nationwide retrospective study was performed in France to describe the susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains to penicillin G and to identify risk factors for infection with nonsusceptible strains. From January 1991 to May 1992, 10,350 S. pneumoniae strains were recorded. The overall rate of penicillin-nonsusceptible pneumococcal (PNSP)(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia is a major cause of illness in immunocompromised patients. The sites of human CMV (HCMV) latency are still not clearly defined. The present study was therefore designed to investigate the hypothesis that alveolar macrophages could constitute such a site. DNA extracted from alveolar cells collected by bronchoalveolar lavage(More)