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OBJECTIVES To assess the value of the viscoelastic parameters in the characterisation of liver tumours at MR elastography. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ninety-four patients with liver tumours >1 cm prospectively underwent MR elastography using 50-Hz mechanical waves and a full three-directional motion-sensitive sequence. The model-free viscoelastic parameters(More)
The detection of pathological tissue alterations by manual palpation is a simple but essential diagnostic tool, which has been applied by physicians since the beginnings of medicine. Recently, the virtual "palpation" of the brain has become feasible using magnetic resonance elastography, which quantifies biomechanical properties of the brain parenchyma by(More)
PURPOSE To determine if diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with measurements of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure diffusion coefficient, perfusion-related diffusion coefficient, and perfusion fraction can be used to differentiate between viable tumor and fibrous and necrotic regions within malignant liver tumors. MATERIAL(More)
Newly developed or advanced methods of ultrasonography and MR imaging provide combined anatomical and quantitative functional information about diffuse and focal liver diseases. Ultrasound elastography has a central role for staging liver fibrosis and an increasing role in grading portal hypertension; dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasonography may improve(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the value of the liver and spleen viscoelastic parameters at multifrequency MR elastography to determine the degree of portal hypertension and presence of high-risk oesophageal varices in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS From January to September 2012, 36 consecutive patients with cirrhosis evaluated for transplantation were(More)
Brain dysfunction is frequently observed in sepsis as a consequence of changes in cerebral structure and metabolism, resulting in worse outcome and reduced life-quality of surviving patients. However, the mechanisms of sepsis-associated encephalopathy development and a better characterization of this syndrome in vivo are lacking. Here, we used magnetic(More)
Increased iNOS expression is often found in brain tumors, such as gliomas. The goal of this study was to develop and assess a novel molecular MRI (mMRI) probe for in vivo detection of iNOS in rodent models for gliomas (intracerebral implantation of rat C6 or RG2 cells or ethyl nitrosourea-induced glioma). The probe we used incorporated a Gd-DTPA(More)
In MR elastography (MRE), periodic tissue motion is phase encoded using motion-encoding gradients synchronized to an externally applied periodic mechanical excitation. Conventional methods result in extended scan time for quality phase images, thus limiting the broad application of MRE in the clinic. For practical scan times, researchers have been relying(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate that OKN007, a disulfonyl derivative of phenyl-tert-butyl nitrone (PBN), has anti-glioma activity in the clinically relevant C6 rat glioma model using multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-one rats were intracerebrally implanted with C6 cells and administered OKN007 or kept as controls. Animals(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is the best Magnetic Resonance (MR)-based method when compared to gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection and quantification of liver steatosis in diabetic patients in the clinical practice using liver biopsy as the reference standard, and to assess the influence of(More)