Philippe Galéra

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To identify control motifs involved in human type II collagen gene transcription in both differentiated and dedifferentiated rabbit articular chondrocytes, transient transfection experiments were performed. A 715-base pair (bp) region of the first intron (+2127/+2842), including a 153-bp sequence so far uncharacterized (+2689/+2842), was found to mediate(More)
OBJECTIVE Extracellular matrix deposition is tightly controlled by a network of regulatory cytokines. Among them, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) have been shown to play antagonistic roles in tissue homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of IL-1beta on TGFbeta receptor type II(More)
Sp1 and Sp3 effects on the transcription of the human alpha1(II) procollagen gene (COL2A1) were investigated in both differentiated and de-differentiated rabbit articular chondrocytes. Transient transfection with constructs of deleted COL2A1 promoter sequences driving the luciferase reporter gene revealed that the region spanning -266 to +121 base pairs(More)
In osteoarthritis (OA), interleukin-1 (IL-1) stimulates the expression of metalloproteinases and aggrecanases, which induce cartilage degradation. IL-1 is also capable of reducing the production of cartilage-specific macromolecules, including type II collagen, through modulation of the transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3. Conversely, Transforming growth(More)
The genetic programs directing CD4 or CD8 T cell differentiation in the thymus remain poorly understood. While analyzing gene expression during intrathymic T cell selection, we found that Zfp67, encoding the zinc finger transcription factor cKrox, was upregulated during the differentiation of CD4(+) but not CD8(+) T cells. Expression of a cKrox transgene(More)
We have previously shown that c-Krox is a zinc finger protein that can increases the transcriptional activity of the mouse alpha1(I) collagen promoter through its binding to two GC-rich sequences (Galéra, P., Musso, M., Ducy, P., and Karsenty, G. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 91, 9372-9376). In this report we show that c-Krox can bind to an(More)
BACKGROUND Articular cartilage defects are a veritable therapeutic problem because therapeutic options are very scarce. Due to the poor self-regeneration capacity of cartilage, minor cartilage defects often lead to osteoarthritis. Several surgical strategies have been developed to repair damaged cartilage. Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) gives(More)
We have cloned a mouse cDNA that is a member of the Krox gene family and encodes a protein we have named c-Krox. The c-Krox protein contains three zinc fingers of the Cys2His2 type. c-Krox binds specifically to a guanine-rich cis-acting element present twice in the promoter element of the mouse alpha 1(I) collagen gene. Study of c-Krox gene expression shows(More)
OBJECTIVE To uncover the mechanism by which chondroitin sulfate (CS) enhances hyaluronan (HA) production by human osteoarthritic (OA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). METHODS The production of HA was investigated by exposing human OA FLS to CS in the presence or absence of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). HA levels were determined by enzyme-linked(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the mechanisms by which cytokines and 17beta-oestradiol (17beta-E2) modulate gene expression and activity of uridine diphosphoglucose dehydrogenase (UGDH), a key enzyme of GAG synthesis in articular chondrocytes. METHODS Rabbit articular chondrocytes (RAC) from 3-week-old animals were incubated for 24 h with TGF-beta, insulin(More)