Philippe Gailly

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In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring autophagy(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy results from the lack of dystrophin, a cytoskeletal protein associated with the inner surface membrane, in skeletal muscle. The absence of dystrophin induces an abnormal increase of sarcolemmal calcium influx through cationic channels in adult skeletal muscle fibers from dystrophic (mdx) mice. We observed that the activity of(More)
The role of intracellular Ca2+ pools in oscillations of the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]c) triggered by Ca2+ influx was investigated in mouse pancreatic B-cells. [Ca2+]c oscillations occurring spontaneously during glucose stimulation or repetitively induced by pulses of high K+ (in the presence of diazoxide) were characterized by a descending phase(More)
Adult skeletal muscle can regenerate in response to muscle damage. This ability is conferred by the presence of myogenic stem cells called satellite cells. In response to stimuli such as injury or exercise, these cells become activated and express myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs), i.e., transcription factors of the myogenic lineage including Myf5, MyoD,(More)
Myoblast migration is a key step in myogenesis and regeneration. It allows myoblast alignment and their fusion into myotubes. The process has been shown to involve m-calpain or mu-calpain, two Ca(2+)-dependent cysteine proteases. Here we measure calpain activity in cultured cells and show a peak of activity at the beginning of the differentiation process.(More)
In skeletal muscle, Ca(2+) is implicated in contraction, and in regulation of gene expression. An alteration of [Ca(2+)](i) homeostasis is responsible, at least partially, for the muscle degeneration that occurs after eccentric contractions in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a disease characterized by the loss of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. Using(More)
OBJECTIVE Ion transporters play pivotal roles in cancer cell migration in general and in glioblastomas (GBMs) in particular. However, the specific role of Na/K-ATPase (the sodium pump) and, in particular, its alpha1 subunit, has remained unexplored in GBMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS The expression of Na+/K+ -ATPase alpha1 in GBM clinical samples, normal brain(More)
In rat hepatocytes subjected to a fructose load, ATP content decreased from 3.8 to 2.6 micromol/g of cells. Under these conditions, the intracellular free Mg2+ ion concentration,as measured with mag-fura 2, increased from 0.25 to 0.43 micromol/g of cells and 0.35 micromol of Mg2+ ions were released per g of cells in the extracellular medium. Therefore the(More)
AIMS Exposure to high glucose (HG) stimulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by NADPH oxidase in cardiomyocytes, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we have dissected the link between glucose transport and metabolism and NADPH oxidase activation under hyperglycaemic conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS Primary cultures of(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most lethal and common malignant human brain tumor. The intrinsic resistance of highly invasive GBM cells to radiation- and chemotherapy-induced apoptosis accounts for the generally dismal treatment outcomes. This study investigated ophiobolin A (OP-A), a fungal metabolite from Bipolaris species, for its promising(More)