Philippe G Richebe

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BACKGROUND Remifentanil-induced secondary hyperalgesia has been documented experimentally in both animals and healthy human volunteers, but never clinically. This study tested the hypotheses that increased pain sensitivity assessed by periincisional allodynia and hyperalgesia can occur after relatively large-dose intraoperative remifentanil and that(More)
Many women undergo cesarean delivery without problems, however some experience significant pain after cesarean section. Pain is associated with negative short-term and long-term effects on the mother. Prior to women undergoing surgery, can we predict who is at risk for developing significant postoperative pain and potentially prevent or minimize its(More)
BACKGROUND Although opioids are unsurpassed analgesics, experimental and clinical studies suggest that opioids activate N-methyl-d-aspartate pronociceptive systems leading to pain hypersensitivity and short-term tolerance. Because it is difficult in humans to differentiate pain from hyperalgesia during the postoperative period, the authors performed(More)
Recent data in animal experiments as in clinical trials have clearly reported that pain modulation is related to an equilibrium between antinociceptive and pronociceptive systems. Therefore, the apparent pain level could not only be a consequence of a nociceptive input increase but could also result from a pain sensitization process. Glutamate, via NMDA(More)
THE search for treatments that relieve chronic pain is expanding and includes biobehavioral techniques, the discovery of new drugs, novel routes of drug administration, neuroablative treatments, and innovative surgical procedures. The use of less invasive, interventional strategies for chronic pain relief has gained popularity since the publication of(More)
There is a compelling body of evidence that N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDA-R) play a critical role in the development and maintenance of pain hypersensitivity. However, long-term treatments with NMDA-R antagonists are limited by unacceptable side effects. Since polyamines modulate the functioning of NMDA-R and mainly originate from normal dietary(More)
It is well admitted that stress induces analgesia (SIA) via endogenous opioid release. However, there is evidence that stressful events play a role in the pathogenesis of pain, but little is known about mechanisms underlying such pain vulnerability. Previous studies reported that a single opioid exposure activates NMDA-dependent pronociceptive systems(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate a new device for airway management in children: the laryngeal tube (LT). METHODS The LT is available in sizes S0-S3 for pediatric anesthesia. This prospective open study included 70 children ASA 1. The local Ethics Committee approval and parental consent were collected. The primary criterion was the success(More)
OBJECTIVE One of the strategies to attenuate opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH) may be to decrease intraoperative doses of opioids by using target-controlled infusion (TCI). DESIGN Double-blind and randomized study. SETTING A single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists II to III patients scheduled for elective(More)
PURPOSE Opioids are widely used for anesthesia but paradoxically induce postoperative pain hypersensitivity via N-methyl-D: -aspartate (NMDA) receptor modulation. Sevoflurane effects on opioid-induced hyperalgesia have not been yet evaluated in vivo. Nevertheless, some experimental in vitro studies reported anti-NMDA receptor properties for sevoflurane. The(More)