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1. We have used the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique to investigate the effects of neuroactive steroids on GABAA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission between rat hypothalamic neurones and pituitary intermediate lobe (IL) cells grown in coculture. In order to discriminate between possible pre- and postsynaptic sites of action, the(More)
1. We obtained whole cell patch-clamp recordings from visually identified sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs) in thin (200-300 microns) transverse spinal cord slices of neonatal rats (1-14 days postnatal). Exogenous application of glutamate (100 microM), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA; 100 microM), kainate (100 microM), quisqualate (1 microM), and(More)
Oxytocin binding sites were detected by autoradiography on films and emulsion-coated sections in the spinal cord of adult and postnatal rats from C8 to L2, using a highly selective 125I-labelled oxytocin antagonist. Oxytocin binding sites were detected on all transverse sections in the dorsal horn, where labelling was scattered over laminae I and II. The(More)
1. Acetylcholine (ACh) was found to depolarize isolated porcine intermediate lobe cells maintained in primary cells culture. We investigated the ACh-induced responses in both whole-cell and cell-attached configurations of the patch-clamp technique. 2. From noise analysis of ACh-evoked whole-cell currents, we estimated an elementary conductance of 20 pS and(More)
A simple and efficient transfection technique based on lipopolyamine-coated DNA that can be used for gene transfer in cerebellar granular neurons is described. Gene transfer is achieved by exposure of cells to a DNA/lipid complex obtained by simple mixing of lipopolyamine and plasmid DNA. This procedure may represent a general tool of physiological(More)
The expression of six mRNA species (alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 5, beta 2, beta 3, and gamma 2) encoding for GABAA receptor subunits was followed in cultured early postnatal cortical neurons by in situ hybridization histochemistry. In untreated control cultures it was found that these subunit mRNA expression profiles closely follow those seen during development(More)
1. The purpose of these investigations was to examine the role that the gamma 2 subunit plays in human GABAA receptor desensitization. Two different recombinant GABAA receptors (alpha 1 beta 3 and alpha 1 beta 3 gamma 2) were compared by measuring the relaxation of whole-cell currents during the application of GABA, isoguvacine or taurine. 2. At(More)
We have investigated the effects of an aryl-aminopyridazine derivative of GABA (SR 95531) on dose-response curves of GABA-induced depolarizations from dorsal root ganglion neurones recorded intracellularly. The reversible shift to the right of the dose-response curves in a parallel fashion and the dissociation constant (KB) value of 0.13 +/- 0.02 microM (n(More)
Intracellular recordings from adult rat dorsal root ganglion neurones were performed in vitro and the coexistence of two gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors on the membrane of identified A delta and C primary afferents was demonstrated. Transient applications of GABA (10(-6)-10(-2) M) evoked dose-dependent depolarizations and increased membrane(More)
The action of TBPS (tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate) on spontaneous chloride channels recorded from porcine pars intermediate lobe cells in primary culture has been studied. This compound, which binds specifically to the gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor complex, is known as a channel-gating (non-competitive) GABA antagonist. The present results(More)