Philippe Faverdin

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Interactions between genotype and environment are becoming increasingly important as cattle genotypes are being managed in a diverse range of environments worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate if there is an interaction of strain of Holstein-Friesian cows (HF) by grass-based feed system that affects milk production, body weight, and body(More)
A total of 48 high genetic merit (HM) and 48 medium merit (MM) cows, each given a low (LC), medium (MC), or high (HC) level of concentrate supplementation, were used in a split-plot design experiment, which was run in three consecutive years, to evaluate animal production responses. Individual cow intakes were estimated twice each year while at pasture;(More)
The effects of duodenal infusion of glucose on the relationship between plasma concentrations of glucose and insulin and on milk composition were investigated in a crossover design. Eight dairy cows were continually infused with water (control) or glucose (1.5 kg/d). Cows received diets consisting of dehydrated whole-plant maize in restricted amounts to(More)
Feed management is one of the principal levers by which the production and composition of milk by dairy cows can be modulated in the short term. The response of milk yield and milk composition to variations in either energy or protein supplies is well known. However, in practice, dietary supplies of energy and protein vary simultaneously, and their(More)
A mechanistic model of intake and chewing activities was developed using data from confined sheep in order to integrate the relationships between feeding behavior and digestive processes. The model consists of two interconnected submodels. The ruminal digestion submodel describes flows of nutrients and is based on differential equations to simulate the(More)
The vertical distribution of biomass, chemical composition (crude protein (CP); neutral detergent ®bre (NDF); acid detergent ®bre (ADF); acid detergent lignin (ADL); total soluble carbohydrates (TSC)) and organic matter digestibility estimated from pepsin-cellulase (PCOMD) of a perennial ryegrass sward was studied under strip-grazing management.(More)
The rapid change in the agricultural industry requires the development of new methods of production to guarantee sustainable agriculture. In silico approaches offer the possibility to identify more quickly new systems to tackle current social, political and environmental concerns. Numerous agro-ecosystem functioning models already exist. Nowadays the main(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether the intake of fresh highly digestible ryegrass could be limited by the total amount of energy absorbed. Moreover, it investigated whether the limitation was more specific to energy absorbed as volatile fatty acids in the rumen compared with energy absorbed in the lower gastrointestinal tract. Four treatments(More)
Dietary cation-anion difference [DCAD=Na+K-Cl in mEq/kg of dry matter (DM)] increases DM intake (DMI) in cows fed diets containing rapidly degraded starch. Increased DMI of diets containing rapidly degraded starch could potentially exacerbate subacute acidosis. The objective of this study was to determine metabolic effects of increasing DCAD in low and high(More)
Generally, <30% of dairy cattle's nitrogen intake is retained in milk. Large amounts of nitrogen are excreted in manure, especially in urine, with damaging impacts on the environment. This study explores the effect of lowering dietary degradable nitrogen supplies--while maintaining metabolisable protein--on dairy cows' performance, nitrogen use efficiency(More)