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Dietary cation-anion difference [DCAD=Na+K-Cl in mEq/kg of dry matter (DM)] increases DM intake (DMI) in cows fed diets containing rapidly degraded starch. Increased DMI of diets containing rapidly degraded starch could potentially exacerbate subacute acidosis. The objective of this study was to determine metabolic effects of increasing DCAD in low and high(More)
Interactions between genotype and environment are becoming increasingly important as cattle genotypes are being managed in a diverse range of environments worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate if there is an interaction of strain of Holstein-Friesian cows (HF) by grass-based feed system that affects milk production, body weight, and body(More)
Generally, <30% of dairy cattle's nitrogen intake is retained in milk. Large amounts of nitrogen are excreted in manure, especially in urine, with damaging impacts on the environment. This study explores the effect of lowering dietary degradable nitrogen supplies--while maintaining metabolisable protein--on dairy cows' performance, nitrogen use efficiency(More)
A mechanistic model of intake and chewing activities was developed using data from confined sheep in order to integrate the relationships between feeding behavior and digestive processes. The model consists of two interconnected submodels. The ruminal digestion submodel describes flows of nutrients and is based on differential equations to simulate the(More)
High-producing dairy cows are commonly fed diets containing a high proportion of rapidly degradable starch, which can cause subacute acidosis and reduce dry matter (DM) intake. Because of the properties of nonmetabolizable cations and anions, increasing the dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD = Na + K - Cl - S in mEq/kg of DM) may prevent a drop in DM(More)
The effects of duodenal infusion of glucose on the relationship between plasma concentrations of glucose and insulin and on milk composition were investigated in a crossover design. Eight dairy cows were continually infused with water (control) or glucose (1.5 kg/d). Cows received diets consisting of dehydrated whole-plant maize in restricted amounts to(More)
A total of 48 high genetic merit (HM) and 48 medium merit (MM) cows, each given a low (LC), medium (MC), or high (HC) level of concentrate supplementation, were used in a split-plot design experiment, which was run in three consecutive years, to evaluate animal production responses. Individual cow intakes were estimated twice each year while at pasture;(More)
  • P Faverdin
  • 1999
The purpose of the present review is to examine the role played by nutrients in controlling feed intake in ruminants, in light of their particular anatomical, physiological, nutritional and behavioural characteristics. The ration is first digested in the rumen for several hours by microbial fermentation. Volatile fatty acids, which constitute 50-75% of a(More)
The rapid change in the agricultural industry requires the development of new methods of production to guarantee sustainable agriculture. In silico approaches offer the possibility to identify more quickly new systems to tackle current social, political and environmental concerns. Numerous agro-ecosystem functioning models already exist. Nowadays the main(More)
The aim of this experiment was to show whether growth hormone could increase the effect of the beta 2-adrenergic agonist clenbuterol on feed intake. Two groups of Holstein cows [lactating (n = 4) and dry (n = 4)] were used to rule out the possible effects of increased energy requirements on feed intake. Treatments were administered according to a crossover(More)