Philippe Erny

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OBJECTIVE Most studies on patients with severe brain injury (SBI) are based on data from specialized centres. This prospective epidemiologic study included all patients in a defined region with a coma lasting more than 24 hours or leading to a death. METHODS All patients with a SBI admitted to an emergency department in the region were included during a(More)
We demonstrate in this paper that bupivacaine, a local anesthetic, can act alone as an uncoupler of rat liver mitochondria. It stimulates state 4 respiration, induces a swelling in potassium acetate (in the presence of valinomycin), and collapses the transmembrane potential. Lidocaine, another local anesthetic, requires the presence of a lipophilic anion(More)
Previous studies on isolated mitochondria have shown an alteration of mitochondrial metabolism by local anesthetics, with an inhibition of adenosine triphosphate synthesis. To show that the same is true for mitochondria intracellularly the effects of the local anesthetic bupivacaine on cellular energy metabolism were studied on cultured fibroblasts. Cells(More)
To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of a single cervical epidural steroid injection (CESI) performed with or without morphine, 24 patients, without need of surgery, but suffering for more than 12 months from cervical radicular pain, were included in a prospective and randomised study. The cervical epidural space was injected (C7-D1; 18-ga needle) with(More)
To determine what consequences cognitive, behavioural or somatic impairments had on disabilities and recovery after a head injury (HI), a population-based sample of 231 adult patients was studied 5 years after an HI. Eighty lower-limb-injured (LLI) patients were considered as controls. Sixty-four LLI and 176 HI patients were reviewed (114 minor, 35(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess long-term results of a single cervical epidural corticosteroid injection (CECI) in patients suffering from chronic cervicobrachial neuralgia (CCBN). STUDY DESIGN Open prospective study. PATIENTS A CECI was performed in 29 patients suffering for more than 12 months from a non-compressive and non-surgical CCBN with permanent pain for(More)
A population-based cohort of 407 head trauma patients has been studied since 1986 to estimate the prevalence of long-term disabilities and handicaps by means of a structured questionnaire. Five years later, 6-1 patients were deceased and 36 were lost to follow-up. Prevalence of subjective and behavioral complaints was high whatever the initial head trauma(More)
In most developed countries, information on road crashes are routinely collected by the police. However, comparison of police records and hospital data underlines a deficit of the number of road accidents in the routine statistics. In La Réunion, a French overseas dependency, an epidemiological study of injuries leading to hospitalisation or deaths has been(More)
BACKGROUND Accidents are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The aim of this population-based study was to describe characteristics of head injuries leading to hospitalization in children less than 15 years old, in a defined geographic population (Aquitaine: 2.7 millions inhabitants) and the longterm outcome (5-year follow up) of a(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the disturbances and delay of recovery of cognitive functions following propofol anaesthesia, and to evaluate a series of simple cognitive recovery tests. STUDY DESIGN Prospective comparative non randomized clinical study. PATIENTS Two groups of non premedicated patients, of ASA physical class 1 and 2 were studied. The control group(More)