Philippe E Dubois

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In this paper, we present miniaturized polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-based diaphragm dielectric elastomer actuators capable of out-of-plane displacement up to 25% of their diameter. This very large percentage displacement is made possible by the use of compliant electrodes fabricated by low-energy gold ion implantation. This technique forms nanometer-scale(More)
In the present work, cellulose nanowhiskers (CNWs), extracted from ramie fibers, were incorporated in polylactide (PLA)-based composites. Prior to the blending, PLA chains were chemically grafted on the surface of CNW to enhance the compatibilization between CNW and the hydrophobic polyester matrix. Ring-opening polymerization of l-lactide was initiated(More)
We report on the first ion-implanted dielectric electroactive polymer actuator that was successfully microfabricated and tested. Ion implantation is used to make the surface of the polymer locally conducting. Implanting the compliant electrodes solves the problem of how to microfabricate patterned electrodes having elasticity close to that of the insulating(More)
Two different and well-defined methacrylate-based (co)polymers were employed as a polymeric siRNA delivery system. siRNA, poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) homopolymers (PDMAEMA) and poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate)-b-poly (ethyleneglycol) alpha-methoxy, omega-methacrylate (PDMAEMA-b-PMAPEG) palm-tree-like copolymer ternary complexes were(More)
A ‘grafting from’ approach was used to graft poly(3-caprolactone) (PCL) polymers to cellulose nanocrystals by Sn(Oct)2-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization (ROP). The grafting efficiency was evidenced by the long-term stability of suspension of PCL-grafted cellulose nanocrystals in toluene. These observations were confirmed by Fourier Transform Infrared(More)
Novel polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) between N-carboxyethylchitosan (CECh) and well-defined (quaternized) poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (PDMAEMA) have been obtained. The modification of chitosan into CECh allows the preparation of PECs in a pH range in which chitosan cannot form complexes. The CECh/PDMAEMA complex is formed in a narrow pH(More)
Polymers bearing pendant carbohydrates have a variety of biomedical applications especially in the area of targeted drug delivery. Here we report the synthesis of a family of amphiphilic block glycopolymers containing d glucose, d galactose and d mannose via metal-free organocatalyzed ring-opening polymerization of functional cyclic carbonates generating(More)
PLA/CaSO4 composites were prepared from uncoated and stearic acid coated filler particles in a wide composition range. The strength of interfacial adhesion was estimated quantitatively with three independent methods. Structure was characterized by DSC, XRD and SEM measurements, while mechanical properties by tensile and instrumented impact tests. The(More)
Scanning probes are capable of addressing and modifying surface structures on the atomic scale, [ 1 ] a capability that has been exploited to create molecular logic devices. [ 2 ] However, in realworld applications, the production of nanoscale patterns and devices requires substantial throughput capabilities in combination with suffi cient tip endurance to(More)