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Because of polyploidy and large genome size, deletion stocks of bread wheat are an ideal material for physically allocating ESTs and genes to small chromosomal regions for targeted mapping. To enhance the utility of deletion stocks for chromosome bin mapping, we characterized a set of 84 deletion lines covering the 21 chromosomes of wheat using 725(More)
Information on single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in hexaploid bread wheat is still scarce. The goal of this study was to detect SNPs in wheat and examine their frequency. Twenty-six bread wheat lines from different origins worldwide were used. Specific PCR-products were obtained from 21 genes and directly sequenced. SNPs were discovered from the(More)
A previous study in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) identified two candidate genes controlling a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for high-molecular-weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS) GluBx. These candidates were Glu-B1-1, the structural gene coding for Glu1Bx, and the B homoeologous gene coding for SPA (spa-B), a seed storage protein activator. The goal of this(More)
The genetic diversity of Cylindrospermopsis strains (cyanobacteria) was examined using mainly the 16S-23S internally transcribed spacer (ITS1) sequences. Strains were grouped in three clusters: (i) America, (ii) Europe, and (iii) Africa and Australia. These results suggested a recent spread of Cylindrospermopsis across the American and European continents(More)
Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii, a bacterium largely carried by ruminants and shed into milk, vaginal mucus, and feces. The main potential hazard to humans and animals is due to shedding of bacteria that can then persist in the environment and be aerosolized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shedding after an outbreak of Q fever(More)
The weak hydrosolubility of betulinic acid (3) hampers the clinical development of this natural anticancer agent. In order to circumvent this problem and to enhance the pharmacological properties of betulinic acid (3) and the lupane-type triterpenes lupeol (1), betulin (2), and methyl betulinate (7), glycosides (beta-D-glucosides, alpha-L-rhamnosides, and(More)
Germanicane-type triterpenes allobetulin (3) and 28-oxoallobetulin (4) can be obtained by the Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement of the more available lupane-type triterpenes betulin (1) and betulinic acid (2), respectively. The medical uses of betulinic acid (2) and its derivatives are limited because of their poor hydrosolubility and pharmacokinetics(More)
To characterize the clinical and bacteriologic characteristics of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections, we reviewed 14 cases that were diagnosed in previously healthy patients during an 18-month period in France. Eleven patients had skin or soft-tissue infections. Two patients died of CA-MRSA necrotizing(More)
Livestock is considered to be the major "source" of human Q fever. The efficacy of two currently available vaccines (Coxevac, phase I, CEVA Santé Animale and Chlamyvax FQ, phase II, MERIAL) against Coxiella excretion was investigated in terms of risks to human health. Two months before mating, 17 goats were vaccinated subcutaneously against Coxiella(More)
The agr quorum-sensing and signal transduction system was initially described in Staphylococcus aureus, where four distinct allelic variants have been sequenced. Western blotting suggests the presence of homologous loci in many other staphylococci, and this has been confirmed for S. epidermidis and S. lugdunensis. In this study we isolated agr-like loci(More)