Philippe Dufour

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Because of polyploidy and large genome size, deletion stocks of bread wheat are an ideal material for physically allocating ESTs and genes to small chromosomal regions for targeted mapping. To enhance the utility of deletion stocks for chromosome bin mapping, we characterized a set of 84 deletion lines covering the 21 chromosomes of wheat using 725(More)
Information on single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in hexaploid bread wheat is still scarce. The goal of this study was to detect SNPs in wheat and examine their frequency. Twenty-six bread wheat lines from different origins worldwide were used. Specific PCR-products were obtained from 21 genes and directly sequenced. SNPs were discovered from the(More)
To characterize the clinical and bacteriologic characteristics of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections, we reviewed 14 cases that were diagnosed in previously healthy patients during an 18-month period in France. Eleven patients had skin or soft-tissue infections. Two patients died of CA-MRSA necrotizing(More)
Performances of an ELISA, an immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and a complement fixation test (CFT) were assessed for detecting antibodies against Coxiella burnetii after Q fever abortions in naturally infected goats. The goal of the study was to provide information useful for veterinary serodiagnosis in regard to categories of goats either experiencing Q(More)
 Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for grain quality, yield components and other traits were investigated in two Sorghum caudatum×guinea recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations. A total of 16 traits were evaluated (plant height, panicle length, panicle compactness, number of kernels/panicle, thousand-kernel weight, kernel weight/panicle, threshing(More)
Livestock is considered to be the major "source" of human Q fever. The efficacy of two currently available vaccines (Coxevac, phase I, CEVA Santé Animale and Chlamyvax FQ, phase II, MERIAL) against Coxiella excretion was investigated in terms of risks to human health. Two months before mating, 17 goats were vaccinated subcutaneously against Coxiella(More)
Cultivated sorghum (Sorghum bicolor ssp. bicolor) is classified into five main races on the basis of spikelet morphology. Isozyme analyses provided new insight into the genetic diversity of sorghum and revealed marked geographic grouping, while nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms showed racial differentiation and intraguinea race(More)
Q fever is a zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii, a bacterium largely carried by ruminants and shed into milk, vaginal mucus, and feces. The main potential hazard to humans and animals is due to shedding of bacteria that can then persist in the environment and be aerosolized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate shedding after an outbreak of Q fever(More)
Endometriosis is characterised by the presence of abnormally located tissue resembling the endometrium with glands and stroma. Several hypotheses have attempted to explain the development of such tissue. The oldest theory, that of metaplasia, suggests that under diverse influences coelomic tissue could be transformed into endometrium. The most often cited(More)
The agr quorum-sensing and signal transduction system was initially described in Staphylococcus aureus, where four distinct allelic variants have been sequenced. Western blotting suggests the presence of homologous loci in many other staphylococci, and this has been confirmed for S. epidermidis and S. lugdunensis. In this study we isolated agr-like loci(More)