Philippe Donnen

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OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiology of community-acquired bacteremia in children admitted to a rural hospital in central Africa and to identify useful diagnostic signs or symptoms. METHODS On admission, a blood culture was obtained from all children admitted to Children's Hospital of Lwiro between 1989 and 1990. Clinical and biologic signs of infection(More)
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HBV, HCV and HIV in pregnant women and identify risk factors. Materials and Methods: Descriptive and analytical study on pregnant women in the community Maniema (DRC) between 24 June and 24 July 2013. We enrolled a total of 581 pregnant women. Results: Prevalence among pregnant women was 4.1% (2.5% to 6.3%) for(More)
BACKGROUND In May, 2012, Rwanda became the first low-income African country to introduce pentavalent rotavirus vaccine into its routine national immunisation programme. Although the potential health benefits of rotavirus vaccination are huge in low-income African countries that account for more than half the global deaths from rotavirus, concerns remain(More)
The effect of high-dose vitamin A supplementation on recovery from morbidity and on recovery from nosocomial morbidity of hospitalized children has been poorly studied and results are conflicting. The effect of daily, low doses has never been assessed. We investigated the effect of a single high dose and daily, low doses of vitamin A on diarrhea, acute(More)
Background:In vitamin A-deficient populations, children hospitalized with infections and/or malnutrition are at particular risk of developing severe vitamin A (VA) deficiency. High-dose VA supplements are recommended as part of the treatment but results on its effect on recovery from morbidity and on prevention from nosocomial morbidity are(More)
BACKGROUND The use of maternal health services, known as an indirect indicator of perinatal death, is still unknown in Lubumbashi. The present study was therefore undertaken in order to determine the factors that influence the use of mother and child healthcare services in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS This was transversal study of(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of meningococcal meningitis in the African meningitis belt is characterised by seasonality, localised epidemics and epidemic waves. To facilitate research and surveillance, we aimed to develop a definition for localised epidemics to be used in real-time surveillance based on weekly case reports at the health centre level. (More)
BACKGROUND Evidence of the effectiveness of lipid-based ready-to-use complementary foods (RUCF) at improving linear growth among infants aged 6-12 mo is scarce, and further work is warranted. OBJECTIVE The objective was to assess the effectiveness of a fortified soybean-maize-sorghum RUCF paste compared with a fortified corn soy blend (UNIMIX) porridge on(More)
BACKGROUND The coverage of preschool preventive medical visits in developing countries is still low. Consequently, very few children benefit from continuous monitoring during the first 5 years of life. OBJECTIVE To assess community volunteers' effectiveness in monitoring the growth of preschool-age children in a context of endemic malnutrition and armed(More)
Results of a series of historical and recent studies of human milk and its protective antibodies against several bacterial and viral diseases and infantile diarrhea are presented. First, 1476 infants from Lahore, Pakistan from 3 socioeconomic groups, were observed and 300 mothers were given instruction on exclusive breast feeding. The prevalence of(More)