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With aging, most skeletal muscles undergo a progressive loss of mass and strength, a process termed sarcopenia. Aging-related defects in mitochondrial energetics have been proposed to be causally involved in sarcopenia. However, changes in muscle mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation with aging remain a highly controversial issue, creating a pressing need(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial dysfunctions appear strongly implicated in a wide range of pathologies. Therefore, there is a growing need in the determination of the normal and pathological integrated response of oxidative phosphorylation to cellular ATP demand. The present study intends to address this issue by providing a method to investigate mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial respiration is the main source of energy in aerobic animal cells and is adapted to the energy demand by respiratory coupling. Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) perturb respiratory coupling by inducing a proton leak through the mitochondrial inner membrane. Although this could lead to deleterious energy waste, it may prevent the production(More)
Microglia are immune cells within the central nervous system. In brain-developing tumors, gliomas are able to silence the defense and immune functions of microglia, a phenomenon which strongly contributes to tumor progression and treatment resistance. Being activated and highly motile, microglia infiltrate tumors and secrete macrophagic chemoattractant(More)
Modular regulation analysis of heart contraction: application to in situ demonstration of a direct mitochondrial activation by calcium in beating heart. contraction is characterized by the absence of changes in energetic intermediates in response to a large increase of activity. Until now no experimental approach could address this question concerning the(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxic states of the cardiovacular system are undoubtedly associated with the most frequent diseases of modern time. Therefore, understanding hypoxic resistance encountered after physiological adaptation such as chronic hypoxia, is crucial to better deal with hypoxic insult. In this study, we examine the role of energetic modifications induced(More)
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of steady-state True fast imaging with steady precession (TrueFISP) four-dimensional imaging of mouse heart at high resolution and its efficiency for cardiac volumetry. Three-dimensional cine-imaging of control and hypoxic mice was carried out at 4.7 T without magnetization preparation or(More)
The application of a heat shock on the human microglial cell line (CHME 5) has been shown to cause cytoskeleton modifications and alterations in phosphorylated metabolite content (Macouillard-Poulletier de Gannes et al., 1998a Metabolic and cellular characterization of immortalized human microglial cells under heat stress. Neurochem. Int. 33, 61-73). In(More)
Commonly, muscle phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery from exercise has been fitted to a monoexponential function. However, a number of experiments indicate that at low muscle pH, a monoexponential fit is not suitable. We have performed in vivo 31P-MRS measurements of PCr during recovery from high-intensity intermittent exercise where muscle pH dropped below 6.5(More)