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Recently, we and others reported that the doublecortin gene is responsible for X-linked lissencephaly and subcortical laminar heterotopia. Here, we show that Doublecortin is expressed in the brain throughout the period of corticogenesis in migrating and differentiating neurons. Immunohistochemical studies show its localization in the soma and leading(More)
The major neuronal post-translational modification of tubulin, polyglutamylation, can act as a molecular potentiometer to modulate microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) binding as a function of the polyglutamyl chain length. The relative affinity of Tau, MAP2, and kinesin has been shown to be optimal for tubulin modified by approximately 3 glutamyl units.(More)
The proteins carried by the slow axonal transport in the rat sciatic motor axons were radiolabeled by injecting 35S-methionine into the spinal cord, and the distribution of their solubility through the 2 main components of slow transport (SCa and SCb) was considered. For this purpose, a cytoskeleton-stabilizing buffer was designed in which a pellet enriched(More)
The high degree of tubulin heterogeneity in neurons is controlled mainly at the posttranslational level. Several variants of alpha-tubulin can be posttranslationally labeled after incubation of cells with [3H]acetate or [3H]glutamate. Peptides carrying the radioactive moiety were purified by high-performance liquid chromatography. Amino acid analysis, Edman(More)
Interaction of rat kinesin and Drosophila nonclaret disjunctional motor domains with tubulin was studied by a blot overlay assay. Either plus-end or minus-end-directed motor domain binds at the same extent to both alpha- and beta-tubulin subunits, suggesting that kinesin binding is an intrinsic property of each tubulin subunit and that motor directionality(More)
Using a high resolution isoelectric focusing method, we have demonstrated a high level of tubulin heterogeneity in mouse brain: 21 isotubulins were identified. Determination of the apparent molecular weight and analysis of the peptide map of each isotubulin species allowed us to identify 7 alpha and 14 beta tubulin subunits. Furthermore, variations in this(More)
Posttranslational modifications of tubulin were analyzed in mouse brain neurons and glia developing in culture. Purified tubulin was resolved by isoelectric focusing. After 3 weeks of culture, neurons were shown to express a high degree of tubulin heterogeneity (8 alpha and 10 beta isoforms), similar to that found in the brain at the same developmental(More)
In neurons, the selective translocation of Tau mRNA toward axons is due to the presence of a nucleotide sequence located in its 3' untranslated region and serving as axonal targeting element. Using this RNA sequence as a probe by a Northwestern approach, we have detected several proteins that interact with the targeting RNA element and could potentially be(More)
The axonal transport of the diverse isotubulins in the motor axons of the rat sciatic nerve was studied by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis after intraspinal injection of [35S]methionine. 3 wk after injection, the nerve segments carrying the labeled axonal proteins of the slow components a (SCa) and b (SCb) of axonal transport were(More)
Tau microtubule-associated proteins constitute a group of developmentally regulated neuronal proteins. Using the high-resolution two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis system, we have resolved more than 60 distinct Tau isoforms in the adult mouse brain. Tau protein heterogeneity increases drastically during the second week of brain development.(More)