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Maternally deposited mRNAs direct early development before the initiation of zygotic transcription during mid-blastula transition (MBT). To study mechanisms regulating this developmental event in zebrafish, we applied mRNA deep sequencing technology and generated comprehensive information and valuable resources on transcriptome dynamics during early(More)
The nuclear lamina is implicated in the organization of the eukaryotic nucleus. Association of nuclear lamins with the genome occurs through large chromatin domains including mostly, but not exclusively, repressed genes. How lamin interactions with regulatory elements modulate gene expression in different cellular contexts is unknown. We show here that in(More)
BACKGROUND Potential therapeutic use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is likely to require large-scale in vitro expansion of the cells before transplantation. MSCs from adipose tissue can be cultured extensively until senescence. However, little is known on the differentiation potential of adipose stem cells (ASCs) upon extended culture and on associated(More)
Stromal stem cells proliferate in vitro and may be differentiated along several lineages. Freshly isolated, these cells have been too few or insufficiently pure to be thoroughly characterized. Here, we have isolated two populations of CD45-CD34+CD105+ cells from human adipose tissue which could be separated based on expression of CD31. Compared with CD31+(More)
The mediation of cAMP effects by specific pools of protein kinase A (PKA) targeted to distinct subcellular domains raises the question of how inactivation of the cAMP signal is achieved locally and whether similar targeting of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) to sites of cAMP/PKA action could be observed. Here, we demonstrate that Sertoli cells of the testis(More)
Long-term culture of mesenchymal stem cells leads to a loss of differentiation capacity, the molecular mechanism of which remains not understood. We show here that expansion of adipose stem cells (ASCs) to late passage (replicative senescence) is associated with promoter-specific and global changes in epigenetic histone modifications. In undifferentiated(More)
The present study characterized the profile of nuclear remodeling in nuclear transplant rabbit embryos and investigated the relationship between chromatin behavior after transfer and embryo development. The developmental potential and pattern of remodeling of donor nuclei from cleavage-, morula-, and blastocyst- (inner cell mass ICM, and trophectoderm, TE)(More)
Subcellular targeting of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A [PKA]) and of type 1 protein phosphatase (PP1) is believed to enhance the specificity of these enzymes. We report that in addition to anchoring PKA, A-kinase anchoring protein AKAP149 recruits PP1 at the nuclear envelope (NE) upon somatic nuclear reformation in vitro, and that PP1(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue can differentiate into mesodermal lineages. Differentiation potential, however, varies between clones of adipose stem cells (ASCs), raising the hypothesis that epigenetic differences account for this variability. We report here a bisulfite sequencing analysis of CpG methylation of adipogenic (leptin [LEP],(More)
Analyses of molecular events associated with reprogramming somatic nuclei to pluripotency are scarce. We previously reported the reprogramming of epithelial cells by extract of undifferentiated embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells. We now demonstrate reprogramming of DNA methylation and histone modifications on regulatory regions of the developmentally regulated(More)