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The molecular mechanisms by which tumor cells metastasize to bone are likely to involve invasion, cell adhesion to bone, and the release of soluble mediators from tumor cells that stimulate osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are powerful inhibitors of the osteoclast activity and are, therefore, used in the treatment of patients with(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which tumor cells induce osteolytic metastases are likely to involve tumor cell adhesion to bone as well as the release of soluble mediators from tumor cells that stimulate osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are powerful inhibitors of the osteoclast activity and are, therefore, used in the treatment of(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) counteracts the physiological epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process that is indicative of epithelial plasticity. Because EMT is involved in cancer, we investigated whether BMP7 plays a role in breast cancer growth and metastasis. In this study, we show that decreased BMP7 expression in primary breast(More)
In order to understand why the angiogenesis inhibitor thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) is often, although not always, associated with prostatic tumors, we have investigated its relationship with the testosterone and the vasculature on which both normal and tumorigenic prostatic epithelia depend. In vivo, androgen withdrawal led to increased TSP1 production and(More)
In breast cancer bone metastasis, tumor cells stimulate osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, and bone-derived growth factors released from resorbed bone stimulate tumor growth. The A v B 3 integrin is an adhesion receptor expressed by breast cancer cells and osteoclasts. It is implicated in tumor cell invasion and osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Here,(More)
PURPOSE Breast cancer patients with bone metastases are commonly treated with chemotherapeutic agents such as doxorubicin and zoledronic acid to control their bone disease. Sequential administration of doxorubicin followed by zoledronic acid has been shown to increase tumor cell apoptosis in vitro. We have therefore investigated the antitumor effects of(More)
Bisphosphonates (BPs) are used currently in the treatment of patients with bone metastases because these compounds inhibit bone resorption. We examined here the effects of BPs on inhibition of endothelial cell functions in vitro and in vivo. Treatment of endothelial cells with BPs (clodronate, risedronate, ibandronate, and zoledronic acid) reduced(More)
Breast cancer is prone to metastasize to bone. Once metastatic cells are in the bone marrow, they do not, on their own, destroy bone. Instead, they alter the functions of bone-resorbing (osteoclasts) and bone-forming cells (osteoblasts), resulting in skeletal complications that cause pathological fractures and pain. In this review, we describe promising(More)
BACKGROUND Receptor activator of NFkB (RANK), its ligand (RANKL) and the decoy receptor of RANKL (osteoprotegerin, OPG) play a pivotal role in bone remodeling by regulating osteoclasts formation and activity. RANKL stimulates migration of RANK-expressing tumor cells in vitro, conversely inhibited by OPG. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined mRNA expression(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) expression in breast cancer was associated with bone metastases. We first analysed Dkk-1 expression by human breast cancer cell lines that induce osteolytic or osteoblastic lesions in animals. Dickkopf-1 levels were then measured in the bone marrow aspirates of hind limbs from eight NMRI mice(More)