Philippe Clézardin

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A very common metastatic site for human breast cancer is bone. The traditional bone metastasis model requires human MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cell inoculation into the left heart ventricle of nude mice. MDA-MB-231 cells usually develop osteolytic lesions 3-4 weeks after intracardiac inoculation in these animals. Here, we report a new approach to study the(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which tumor cells metastasize to bone are likely to involve invasion, cell adhesion to bone, and the release of soluble mediators from tumor cells that stimulate osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are powerful inhibitors of the osteoclast activity and are, therefore, used in the treatment of patients with(More)
The reasons why tumor cells metastasize to bone remain obscure. There is some evidence to support the theory that integrins (acting as cell surface adhesion receptors) play a role in mediating metastasis in certain organs. Here, we report that overexpression of a functionally active integrin alpha(v)b3 in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) tumor cells drastically(More)
The role of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in cancer is poorly understood. Here we provide evidence for a role of LPA in the progression of breast cancer bone metastases. LPA receptors LPA(1), LPA(2), and LPA(3) were expressed in human primary breast tumors and a series of human breast cancer cell lines. The inducible overexpression of LPA(1) in MDA-BO2 breast(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which tumor cells induce osteolytic metastases are likely to involve tumor cell adhesion to bone as well as the release of soluble mediators from tumor cells that stimulate osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are powerful inhibitors of the osteoclast activity and are, therefore, used in the treatment of(More)
Platelet-derived lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) supports the progression of breast and ovarian cancer metastasis to bone. The mechanisms through which LPA promotes bone metastasis formation are, however, unknown. Here we report that silencing of the type 1 LPA receptor (LPA(1)) in cancer cells blocks the production of tumor-derived cytokines that are potent(More)
BACKGROUND Receptor activator of NFkB (RANK), its ligand (RANKL) and the decoy receptor of RANKL (osteoprotegerin, OPG) play a pivotal role in bone remodeling by regulating osteoclasts formation and activity. RANKL stimulates migration of RANK-expressing tumor cells in vitro, conversely inhibited by OPG. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined mRNA expression(More)
The nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (ZOL), a potent inhibitor of farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase, blocks the mevalonate pathway, leading to intracellular accumulation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate/triphosphoric acid I-adenosin-5'-yl ester 3-(3-methylbut-3-enyl) ester (IPP/ApppI) mevalonate metabolites. IPP/ApppI accumulation in ZOL-treated(More)
BACKGROUND The small stress heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) has recently turned as a promising target for cancer treatment. Hsp27 upregulation is associated with tumour growth and resistance to chemo- and radio-therapeutic treatments, and several ongoing drugs inhibiting Hsp27 expression are under clinical trial. Hsp27 is now well described to counteract(More)
In order to understand why the angiogenesis inhibitor thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) is often, although not always, associated with prostatic tumors, we have investigated its relationship with the testosterone and the vasculature on which both normal and tumorigenic prostatic epithelia depend. In vivo, androgen withdrawal led to increased TSP1 production and(More)