Philippe Chevallier

Learn More
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate, during a short period between 2000 and 2001, in a large population of patients with chronic hepatitis C, the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in France. Data from 26 referral centres, corresponding to 1769 patients with chronic hepatitis C were collected consecutively(More)
Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is common in chronic hepatitis C patient. However, its significance and consequences are still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of occult HBV among HCV chronic carriers in France and to assess its impact on liver histology and response to antiviral therapy. To this end a cohort of 203(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We aimed to clarify the clinical relevance of hepatitis B virus pre-core mutant detection in patients with chronic hepatitis B using a newly developed assay. METHODS Viral genotypes and pre-core mutations were studied in relation to viral persistence and liver disease severity using INNO-LiPA methodology. The study group included 151(More)
For the prevention of recurrent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection after liver transplantation (LT), the efficacy of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIg) has been largely demonstrated. The aim of this pilot study was to determine if the addition of lamivudine to HBIg in the prevention of HBV recurrence after LT could be more effective. Sixty HBsAg-positive/HBV(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS After liver transplantation (LT) for HCV-related cirrhosis, recurrence of HCV infection is universal and the risk of progression to cirrhosis is high. The modalities and efficacy of antiviral therapy in this indication are still controversial. We present here the results of a pilot study of a 12-month combination therapy by pegylated alfa(More)
Real-time PCR technology may provide an accurate and sensitive method to quantify hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA. So far, studies have been carried out using the Taqman technology with the ABI Prism 7700 sequence detector. An alternative and simple real-time PCR assay is described with no probe requirement, based on the SYBR Green I dye and LightCycler(More)
In this study, we have analyzed the evolution of serum HBsAg levels in 16 patients with chronic hepatitis B who showed an HBsAg seroconversion following antiviral therapy. The data showed that the clearance of serum HBsAg is slower than that of serum HBV DNA, which may reflect a slow kinetics of clearance of infected hepatocytes. Interestingly, HBsAg was(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has reduced the incidence of death in HIV-infected patients but various rates of survival have been reported due to the infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and the use of injecting drugs (IDU). A survival analysis was performed to estimate and compare the death rates in HIV-positive patients infected by IDU(More)