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For the prevention of recurrent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection after liver transplantation (LT), the efficacy of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIg) has been largely demonstrated. The aim of this pilot study was to determine if the addition of lamivudine to HBIg in the prevention of HBV recurrence after LT could be more effective. Sixty HBsAg-positive/HBV(More)
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate, during a short period between 2000 and 2001, in a large population of patients with chronic hepatitis C, the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in France. Data from 26 referral centres, corresponding to 1769 patients with chronic hepatitis C were collected consecutively(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS After liver transplantation (LT) for HCV-related cirrhosis, recurrence of HCV infection is universal and the risk of progression to cirrhosis is high. The modalities and efficacy of antiviral therapy in this indication are still controversial. We present here the results of a pilot study of a 12-month combination therapy by pegylated alfa(More)
In this study, we have analyzed the evolution of serum HBsAg levels in 16 patients with chronic hepatitis B who showed an HBsAg seroconversion following antiviral therapy. The data showed that the clearance of serum HBsAg is slower than that of serum HBV DNA, which may reflect a slow kinetics of clearance of infected hepatocytes. Interestingly, HBsAg was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We aimed to clarify the clinical relevance of hepatitis B virus pre-core mutant detection in patients with chronic hepatitis B using a newly developed assay. METHODS Viral genotypes and pre-core mutations were studied in relation to viral persistence and liver disease severity using INNO-LiPA methodology. The study group included 151(More)
Real-time PCR technology may provide an accurate and sensitive method to quantify hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA. So far, studies have been carried out using the Taqman technology with the ABI Prism 7700 sequence detector. An alternative and simple real-time PCR assay is described with no probe requirement, based on the SYBR Green I dye and LightCycler(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A proportion of liver transplanted patients with recurrent chronic hepatitis have a sustained virological response to combination therapy with interferon plus ribavirin. However, the long term benefit of antiviral therapy with regard to hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA clearance remains unknown in patients with HCV recurrence. This study(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In approximately 5% of chronic liver disease cases, no aetiology can be identified. We selected sera from 50 patients with chronic hepatitis of unknown aetiology who were enrolled in this follow-up study whose aim is to gain insight into the possible role of viruses and to define potential clinical outcomes. METHODS Patients' sera were(More)
To clarify the significance of the X gene of hepatitis B virus, we have tested for anti-HBx in the serum and HBxAg in the liver at different stages of the natural history of hepatitis B virus infection. Sera were screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and positive results confirmed by immunoblot. Purified recombinant MS2 Pol-HBx fusion protein was(More)
We describe the case of a patient with chronic hepatitis B who became resistant to lamivudine and was treated successfully with adefovir dipivoxil in addition to lamivudine. Lamivudine resistance was associated with the selection of a L180M+M204V polymerase mutant. After the addition of adefovir dipivoxil, serum HBV DNA levels dropped by more than 4log(10),(More)