Philippe Charpiot

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BACKGROUND Previous attempts in animals failed to reproduce the metabolic, pathological, and clinical situations encountered in homocystinuric patients. Minipigs on a methionine-rich caseinate-based diet, however, have a special long-lasting postprandial plasma accumulation of methionine, the metabolic precursor of homocysteine. We hypothesized that these(More)
Increased levels of the physiological amino acid homocysteine (Hcy) are considered a risk factor for vascular disease. Hyperhomocysteinemia causes an intense remodelling of the extracellular matrix in arterial walls, particularly an elastolysis involving metalloproteinases. We investigated the activation of the latent elastolytic metalloproteinase proMMP-2(More)
Using a model of atherosclerosis in minipigs, we analyzed changes in elastic structure within the medial sections of the abdominal aorta and left interventricular coronary artery both in the vicinity of and distal to atheromatous plaques. Twenty-four animals, divided into three groups, were fed either a control diet or a hypercholesterolemic and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of folic acid in the pig model of hyperhomocysteinemia. BACKGROUND We have previously shown that pigs fed a methionine-rich diet develop hyperhomocysteinemia, arterial lesions and thrombotic events. Elevated homocysteine level is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis that(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering from chronic kidney diseases (CKD) exhibit cardiovascular diseases and profound endothelial dysfunction. CKD patients have reduced numbers of endothelial progenitor cells, but little is known about the factors influencing these numbers. OBJECTIVES Among these factors, we hypothesized that uremic toxins and vascular injury(More)
During chronic kidney disease (CKD), solutes called uremic solutes, accumulate in blood and tissues of patients. We developed an HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of several uremic solutes of clinical interest in biological fluids: phenol (Pol), indole-3-acetic acid (3-IAA), p-cresol (p-C), indoxyl sulfate (3-INDS) and p-cresol sulfate (p-CS).(More)
We have developed a method for accurate quantitative analysis and statistical comparison of the relative contents of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC) in skeletal muscle. This method was applied to compare DGC contents in slow (soleus) and in fast (extensor digitorum longus, EDL) rat skeletal muscles. The quantitative analysis combines a modified(More)
The effects of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibition on atherosclerosis-induced changes in arterial function are unknown, as well as whether they are coupled to improvements of structural alterations in the arterial wall. An atherogenic (A) diet and the ACE inhibitor perindopril (P) were given concomitantly for 4 months to seven adult Pitman-Moore(More)
p-Cresylsulfate, a metabolite of p-cresol, is reported as prototypic protein-bound uremic toxin, inefficiently removed by haemodialysis. The binding between p-cresylsulfate or p-cresol and human serum albumin was studied using microcalorimetry. The results confirm that the two molecules are protein-bound. However, the affinity of p-cresylsulfate and(More)
Pathological levels of homocysteine induce a dramatic degradation of arterial elastic structures. This severe metalloproteinase-dependant elastolysis affects elastic structures all over the media suggesting that smooth muscle cells (SMC) may participate to this process induced by homocysteine. Therefore, we investigated the effect of physiological (10 μM)(More)