Philippe Bulois

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BACKGROUND Healing of mucosal lesions appears to offer significant benefit and is an important end point in clinical trials of treatment for Crohn's disease. The only validated endoscopic activity score at present is the Crohn's Disease Endoscopic Index of Severity, which is complicated and time consuming and, hence, is unsuitable for routine use. The aim(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) pathovar has been identified in the intestinal mucosa of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). AIEC reference strain LF82 is able to adhere to intestinal epithelial cells, to invade epithelial cells via a mechanism involving actin polymerization and microtubules, and to survive and replicate within(More)
5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is an antiinflammatory drug widely used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. It is known to inhibit the production of cytokines and inflammatory mediators, but the mechanism underlying the intestinal effects of 5-ASA remains unknown. Based on the common activities of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of helical CT in depicting the location of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. A three-phase helical CT of the abdomen was performed in 24 patients referred for acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The diagnosis of the bleeding site was established by CT when there was at least one of the following(More)
OBJECTIVE Bacterial agents have been implicated in the early recurrence of Crohn's disease after ileocolectomy. The aim of our study was to identify and quantify bacteria associated with the ileal mucosa in patients and controls and to correlate specific bacteria with recurrence. METHODS The predominant bacterial microflora of the ileum were enumerated(More)
BACKGROUND No study on bioclinical criteria predicting a biliary origin for acute pancreatitis has included endosonography as a reference examination. Re-examination of bioclinical parameters deserves consideration in the era where other causes are known (e.g. hereditary, autoimmune). AIM AND METHODS To determine the performance of bioclinical markers in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Following ileocolonic resection for Crohn's disease (CD), early endoscopic recurrence predicts recurrence of symptoms. The aim of the study was to compare ileocolonoscopy and wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) for the detection of postoperative recurrence in CD. METHODS WCE and ileocolonoscopy were performed within six months following(More)
Serous cystadenoma is a common benign neoplasm that can be managed without surgery in asymptomatic patients provided that the diagnosis is certain. We describe a patient, whose pancreatic cyst exhibited a radiological appearance distinct from that of typical serous cystadenoma, resulting in diagnostic difficulties. CT and MRI showed a 10 cm-polycystic tumor(More)
INTRODUCTION Early reports of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in Europe suggested high complication rates and disappointing outcomes compared to publications from Japan. Since 2008, we have been conducting a nationwide survey to monitor the outcomes and complications of ESD over time. MATERIAL AND METHODS All consecutive ESD cases from 14 centers(More)
BACKGROUND Extreme obesity increases morbi-mortality in bariatric surgery. We previously showed that significant weight loss can be obtained within 3 months in super-super obese patients (BMI > 60 kg/m(2)) with an intragastric balloon (IGB). Here, we explored the potential benefit of preoperative IGB on the outcome of laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGBP) in(More)