Philippe Breton

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The effects of alpha-linolenic acid diet deficiency on rat dopaminergic metabolism were investigated in the frontal cortex of male 2-3 month-old rats using the microdialysis method. Increased basal levels of dopamine metabolites were observed in the frontal cortex of awake deficient rats, without modification of dopamine levels. Moreover, using KCl(More)
A patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) progressive on fludarabine therapy and life-threatening anaemia related to immune haemolysis and pure red cell aplasia was treated with Campath-1H. The patient had sustained complete remission of both CLL and anaemia, but died of recurrent sepsis and cachexia 10 months after completion of the treatment.(More)
An improved way to obtain psi[CH2O] pseudodipeptide units is proposed, involving an intramolecular Williamson's reaction, with displacement of bromine by an alkoxide, instead of the classical intermolecular one. Until now, psi[CH2O] pseudodipeptide synthesis done by this new method, has used a protected form of the amino alcohol hydroxyl group to prepare(More)
In this study the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) diet deficiency on dopamine metabolism were investigated in the rat frontal cortex by autoradiographic studies and microdialysis. Our results showed a 39% reduction in the vesicular monoamines transporter sites in the deficient group. The dopamine metabolites turnover after monoamine(More)
The effects of the irreversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) antagonist paraoxon (Px) on hippocampal neurophysiology were investigated and compared to those of physostigmine in urethane-anaesthetized rabbits. Hippocampal CA1 EEG signals were analyzed by power spectra. Following intracarotid administration, the two drugs induced a similar fundamental(More)
Ontogenic development of muscarinic receptors was examined in the hippocampus of rabbits (from P2 to P60) using radioautographic method. Muscarinic sites were labelled with (3H)-quinuclinidyl-benzilate and pharmacologically defined M1 and M2 receptor subtypes with (3H)-pirenzepine and (3H)-oxotremorine, respectively. The distribution of binding sites was(More)
Sixteen desmuramyl analogs of muramyl dipeptide (MDP) were tested for their abilities to stimulate cytotoxic factor secretion by mouse peritoneal macrophages. Among them, the pseudohexapeptide Boc-Gly psi [CH2O]-D-Ala-Ala-D-Glu[Lys(H-Gly)NHEt]-NH2 appeared to be four times more effective than MDP. From this study, the D configuration of the pseudo-alanyl(More)
Thermic dimerization of methyl 1,3-cyclohexadiene 2-carboxylate gave original 3D-shape compounds by Diels-Alder cycloaddition and original [6 + 4]-ene reaction. Further selective modifications on an endo [4 + 2] cycloadduct via a diversity oriented synthesis (DOS) strategy quickly led to the preparation of a small library of original 3D scaffolds, providing(More)
Quantitative variations of blood cell progenitors were studied in thrombocytopenic post-chemotherapy patients and in healthy plateletpheresis donors with the aim of better understanding the reasons for their varying presence in peripheral blood. In 6 post-chemotherapy patients with severe thrombocytopenia on days 21-27 after initiation of chemotherapy when(More)