Philippe Brabet

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G proteins are involved in cellular signalling and regulate a variety of biological processes including differentiation and development. We have generated mice deficient for the G protein subunit alpha i2 (G alpha i2) by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells. G alpha i2-deficient mice display growth retardation and develop a lethal diffuse(More)
The circadian clock located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) organizes autonomic and behavioral rhythms into a near 24 hr time that is adjusted daily to the solar cycle via a direct projection from the retina, the retinohypothalamic tract (RHT). This neuronal pathway costores the neurotransmitters PACAP and glutamate, which seem to be important for(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a ubiquitous neuropeptide of the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) family that potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Pancreatic beta cells express two PACAP receptor subtypes, a PACAP-preferring (PAC1) and a VIP-shared (VPAC2) receptor. We have applied a gene targeting approach to(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP)-27 and PACAP-38 are neuropeptides of the vasoactive intestinal peptide/secretin/glucagon family. We previously described alternative splicing of the region encoding the third intracellular loop of the PACAP receptor generating six isoforms with differential signal transduction properties (Spengler,(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and the proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptide, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), exert anorexigenic activities. While alpha-MSH is known to inhibit food intake and stimulate catabolism via activation of the central melanocortin-receptor MC4-R, little is known regarding the(More)
Antidiuresis, the recovery of water from the lumen of the renal collecting tubule, is regulated by the hypothalamic release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which binds to specific receptors on renal collecting tubule cells, stimulates adenylyl cyclase and promotes the cyclic AMP-mediated incorporation of water pores into the luminal surface of these cells.(More)
The G protein Go is highly expressed in neurons and mediates effects of a group of rhodopsin-like receptors that includes the opioid, alpha2-adrenergic, M2 muscarinic, and somatostatin receptors. In vitro, Go is also activated by growth cone-associated protein of Mr 43,000 (GAP43) and the Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein, but it is not known whether this(More)
Cisplatin (CDDP) is a highly effective chemotherapeutic agent but with significant ototoxic side effects. Apoptosis is an important mechanism of cochlear hair cell loss following exposure to an ototoxic level of CDDP. This study examines intracellular pathways involved in hair cell death induced by CDDP exposure in vivo to develop effective therapeutic(More)
The retinohypothalamic tract (RHT) is a retinofugal neuronal pathway which, in mammals, mediates nonimage-forming vision to various areas in the brain involved in circadian timing, masking behavior, and regulation of the pupillary light reflex. The RHT costores the two neurotransmitters glutamate and pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP),(More)
We report here that PAC1 KO females display decreased fertility, whereas male fertility was normal. ICC on pituitary section showed that FSH, LH, and prolactin synthesis were not affected in KO mice. Moreover, the pituitary-gonadal axis responded properly to an acute fasting test in KO mice. Hence, the phenotype of PAC1 null mice provides clear evidence for(More)