Philippe Bertrand

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In order to clarify cognitive functions in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), we performed a new controlled neuropsychological study. IQ (WISC-R), verbal skills (fluency, confrontation naming and syntax comprehension) and memory abilities (BEM) were studied in two matched groups; 24 DMD children and 17 spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) children aged 12-16 yr. A(More)
We analysed the reading abilities and processing of 21 children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), 11 matched children suffering from spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and 42 children receiving normal education. The principal result observed was that the DMD children exhibited a reading age which was significantly lower than the SMA children compared with(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors are a large group of diverse molecules intrinsically able to inhibit cell proliferation in various cancer cell lines. Their apoptotic effects have been linked to the modulation in the expression of several regulatory tumor suppressor genes caused by the modified status of histone acetylation, a key event in chromatin(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate 3D time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) in the follow-up of 27 intracranial aneurysms treated with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs). METHOD From February 1997 to June 1998, 26 patients with 27 aneurysms were included in this prospective study. Aneurysms were located in the anterior(More)
Among tau phosphorylation sites, some phosphoepitopes referred to as abnormal ones are exclusively found on tau aggregated into filaments in Alzheimer's disease. Recent data suggested that molecular mechanisms similar to those encountered during mitosis may play a role in abnormal tau phosphorylation. In particular, TG-3 phosphoepitope is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Three-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography has been evaluated in the follow-up of intracranial aneurysms treated with Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs) with good results. Some of the studies used contrast material in addition to the 3D TOF MR technique and others did not. We assessed the usefulness of contrast material with(More)
Hyaluronan (HYA) plays a particular role in cancer cell microenvironment. A component of the desmoplasia. HYA is associated to other macromolecules and contributes to the net structure of the matrix. Cancer cells exhibit binding sites (CD44, RHAMM) for HYA. The cell adhesion to HYA can influence the cell motility and different factors could interplay to(More)
We performed quantitative determination of the distribution of hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid, HA) and the HA-binding protein, hyaluronectin (HN), 2 components of the extracellular matrix of tumor desmoplasia, within 71 human breast carcinomas. Results showed that HA and HN were more elevated in tumoral than in non-tumoral adjacent tissue, and that the(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. In the process of angiogenesis, the interaction between adhesive proteins of endothelial cells and extracellular matrix components plays an important role by mediating cell attachment, which is indispensable for their motility, and by transmitting the regulatory signals for cell locomotion and(More)
In large models of neuronal cell death, there is a tight correlation between Cdk5 deregulation and cell-cycle dysfunction. However, pathways that link Cdk5 to the cell cycle during neuronal death are still unclear. We have investigated the molecular events that precede p25/Cdk5-triggered neuronal death using a neuronal cell line that allows inducible p25(More)