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In 1977 Frank Crow introduced a new class of algorithm for the generation of shadows. His technique, based on the concept of shadow volumes, assumes a polygonal database and a constrained environment. For example, polyhedrons must be closed, and polygons must be planar. This article presents a new version of Crow's algorithm, developed at the Universite de… (More)
Selective inhibitors of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase based upon saturated heterocycles fused to a pyrimidine core were designed and synthesized. Each series produced compounds with K(i) < 10 nM for the mTOR kinase and >500-fold selectivity over closely related PI3 kinases. This potency translated into strong pathway inhibition, as measured by… (More)
Aberrant activation of the PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling pathway has been observed in human tumors and tumor cell lines, indicating that these protein kinases may be attractive therapeutic targets for treating cancer. Optimization of advanced lead 1 culminated in the discovery of clinical development candidate 8h, GDC-0349, a potent and selective ATP-competitive… (More)
A series of N-7-methyl-imidazolopyrimidine inhibitors of the mTOR kinase have been designed and prepared, based on the hypothesis that the N-7-methyl substituent on imidazolopyrimidine would impart selectivity for mTOR over the related PI3Kα and δ kinases. The corresponding N-Me substituted pyrrolo[3,2-d]pyrimidines and pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidines also show… (More)
Because of the promise of BCL-2 antagonists in combating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), interest in additional selective antagonists of antiapoptotic proteins has grown. Beginning with a series of selective, potent BCL-XL antagonists containing an undesirable hydrazone functionality, in silico design and X-ray… (More)
A series of IAP antagonists based on thiazole or benzothiazole amide isosteres was designed and synthesized. These compounds were tested for binding to the XIAP-BIR3 and ML-IAP BIR using a fluorescence polarization assay. The most potent of these compounds, 19a and 33b, were found to have K(i)'s of 20-30 nM against ML-IAP and 50-60 nM against XIAP-BIR3.
Beginning with promiscuous COT inhibitors, which were found to inhibit CDK8, a series of 6-aza-benzothiophene containing compounds were developed into potent, selective CDK8 inhibitors. When cocrystallized with CDK8 and cyclin C, these compounds exhibit an unusual binding mode, making a single hydrogen bond to the hinge residue A100, a second to K252, and a… (More)
Herein we report the discovery of the C-2 methyl substituted imidazopyrrolopyridine series and its optimization to provide potent and orally bioavailable JAK1 inhibitors with selectivity over JAK2. The C-2 methyl substituted inhibitor 4 exhibited not only improved JAK1 potency relative to unsubstituted compound 3 but also notable JAK1 vs JAK2 selectivity… (More)
Herein we report on the structure-based discovery of a C-2 hydroxyethyl moiety which provided consistently high levels of selectivity for JAK1 over JAK2 to the imidazopyrrolopyridine series of JAK1 inhibitors. X-ray structures of a C-2 hydroxyethyl analogue in complex with both JAK1 and JAK2 revealed differential ligand/protein interactions between the two… (More)
Using Sorafenib as a starting point, a series of potent and selective inhibitors of CDK8 was developed. When cocrystallized with CDK8 and cyclin C, these compounds exhibit a Type-II (DMG-out) binding mode.