Philippe Beaufils

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BACKGROUND A novel, biodegradable, polyurethane scaffold was designed to fulfill an unmet clinical need in the treatment of patients with painful irreparable partial meniscal defects. HYPOTHESIS The use of an acellular polyurethane scaffold for new tissue generation in irreparable partial meniscal defects provides both pain relief and improved(More)
Comparison between the inputs of photoreceptors with different spectral sensitivities is required for color vision. In Drosophila, this is achieved in each ommatidium by the inner photoreceptors R7 and R8. Two classes of ommatidia are distributed stochastically in the retina: 30% contain UV-Rh3 in R7 and blue-Rh5 in R8, while the remaining 70% contain(More)
We proposed to establish a system of assessing severity of chondropathy taking into account localization, size, and depth of cartilage lesions. The design of the study was prospective and multicenter. The subjects were 755 patients who had undergone arthroscopy of the knee. Criteria for assessment of severity of chondropathy were as follows: (a) Physician's(More)
INTRODUCTION The importance of a dysplastic trochlea as a component of patellar instability has long been recognized. An original trochleoplasty technique consisting in retro-trochlear recession wedge osteotomy was described by Goutallier et al. The aim is not to fashion a groove but to reduce the bump without modifying patellofemoral congruence. PATIENTS(More)
PURPOSE To examine at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging the degradation of an interference screw made of polyglycolic acid (67.5%) and trimethylene carbonate (32.5%) and compare the MR findings with the clinical evaluation results. MATERIALS AND METHODS Clinical and MR imaging studies were performed concomitantly 6 months (in 20 patients), 1 year (in 10(More)
INTRODUCTION Various surgical techniques have been described to set the rotational alignment of the tibial baseplate during total knee arthroplasty. The self-positioning method ("self-adjustment") aligns the tibial implant according to the rotational alignment of the femoral component which is used as a reference after performing repeated knee(More)
The Drosophila ommatidia contain two classes of photoreceptor cells (PR's), the outer and the inner PR's. We performed an enhancer trap screen in order to target genes specifically expressed in PR's. Using the UAS/GAL4 method with enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) as a vital marker, we screened 180000 flies. Out of 2730 lines exhibiting new eGFP(More)
INTRODUCTION Accurate implantation of the prosthesis components is a prognostic factor for long-term total knee arthroplasty survival as it reduces wear and loosening failure. Computer-assisted navigation systems have proved to produce accurate bone cuts orthogonal to the mechanical axis. Proper rotational alignment of the femoral component is one of the(More)
Rupture of the Achilles tendon is a considerable cause of morbidity with reduced function following injury. Recent studies have shown little difference in outcome between the techniques of open and non-operative treatment using an early active rehabilitation programme. Meta-analyses have shown that non-operative management has increased risk of re-rupture(More)
The responsibility of a thrombus and the feasibility of saving an ischemic myocardium by early revascularization explain the development of thrombolysis. Streptokinase administered intravenously rather than intracoronary restores coronary patency in 45 p. cent of the cases, improves the total and segmental left ventricular function if an early and complete(More)