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Comparison between the inputs of photoreceptors with different spectral sensitivities is required for color vision. In Drosophila, this is achieved in each ommatidium by the inner photoreceptors R7 and R8. Two classes of ommatidia are distributed stochastically in the retina: 30% contain UV-Rh3 in R7 and blue-Rh5 in R8, while the remaining 70% contain(More)
The Drosophila ommatidia contain two classes of photoreceptor cells (PR's), the outer and the inner PR's. We performed an enhancer trap screen in order to target genes specifically expressed in PR's. Using the UAS/GAL4 method with enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) as a vital marker, we screened 180000 flies. Out of 2730 lines exhibiting new eGFP(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) form one of the largest superfamilies of membrane proteins. Obtaining high yields of GPCRs remains one of the major factors limiting a detailed understanding of their structure and function. Photoreceptor cells (PRCs) contain extensive stacks of specialized membranes where high levels of rhodopsins are naturally present,(More)
INTRODUCTION Various surgical techniques have been described to set the rotational alignment of the tibial baseplate during total knee arthroplasty. The self-positioning method ("self-adjustment") aligns the tibial implant according to the rotational alignment of the femoral component which is used as a reference after performing repeated knee(More)
Rupture of the Achilles tendon is a considerable cause of morbidity with reduced function following injury. Recent studies have shown little difference in outcome between the techniques of open and non-operative treatment using an early active rehabilitation programme. Meta-analyses have shown that non-operative management has increased risk of re-rupture(More)
Trochleoplasty is the theoretical solution to persistent symptoms (pain and/or instability) related to trochlear dysplasia where there is not only a trochlear flatness but also a trochlear prominence. The threshold of prominence indicating surgical intervention has as yet not been determined. A bump of 5 mm is generally accepted as the inferior limit. Given(More)
BACKGROUND Right-sided endocarditis occurs predominantly in intravenous drug users, patients with pacemakers or central venous lines and with congenital heart diseases. The vast majority of cases involve the tricuspid valve. CASE PRESENTATION A case of a 31-year-old woman with intravenous drug abuse who had a right-sided vegetation attached to the(More)
A case of fracture-separation of the atlas is presented. The diagnosis, suspected on the antero-posterior open-mouth film and the frontal tomograms, was confirmed by computed tomography which showed the double fracture of the anterior and posterior arches of the atlas and demonstrated that the transverse ligament, factor of stability of this fracture, was(More)
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