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  • P Batel
  • 2000
Epidemiologic studies in the general population and those based on the clinical assessment of schizophrenic populations have revealed a high degree of overlap between schizophrenia and addictive disorders. The abuse of psychoactive substances (including alcohol) throughout life is so frequent (50%) that the possibility of a specific link inevitably arises.(More)
BACKGROUND The D1 dopamine receptor has been involved in a number of brain functions, including motor control, inattentive symptoms and reward and reinforcement mechanisms. Indeed, DRD1 antagonists may reduce cocaine-seeking behavior and the acquisition of cocaine-cue associations. The D1.1/r4532 marker of the DRD1 gene has been associated with a large set(More)
BACKGROUND Dysfunction of serotoninergic transmission could predispose to excessive alcohol consumption and dependence. The functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) has been associated with different disorders, including alcoholism. Considering the likelihood of heterogeneity in the "alcohol dependence" phenotype, 5-HTTLPR may be(More)
Outpatients followed in an alcoholic clinic and who fulfilled DSM-III-R criteria for alcohol dependence and had used both tobacco (at least one cigarette every day) and alcohol in the preceding week were studied. For each patient, two experimenters assessed: (1) the amount of tobacco and alcohol used; (2) the severity of dependence for each product. Results(More)
AIM To evaluate 5-year survival predictive factors in hospitalised patients with excessive alcohol intake and cirrhosis, including in a multivariate analysis the severity of the liver disease, gastrointestinal bleeding, concomitant viral B or C infection, smoking status, presence of alcoholic hepatitis at inclusion and abstinence from alcohol during(More)
Alcohol-dependence is a complex phenotype, with behavioral, psychological, pharmacological, medical and social dimensions. Aggregation studies, adoption and twin researches have demonstrated that the vulnerability to alcohol-dependence is at least in part linked to genetic factors, the genetic vulnerability to alcoholism being mainly not substance-specific.(More)
We analysed the impact of the TaqI A1 allele of the D2 dopamine receptor gene on the risk for alcoholism, trying to depict three explanations frequently proposed to explain discrepancies in association and linkage studies: that the A1 allele may act as a marker rather than as a vulnerability factor, that stratification biases and unevaluated controls may(More)
BACKGROUND The dopamine transporter (DAT) plays a key role in homeostatic regulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission and could thus be involved in the variability of two severe alcohol-withdrawal symptoms, alcohol-withdrawal seizure (AWS) and delirium tremens (DT). Interestingly, an association was found between the DAT gene (9-copy repeat) and the risk(More)
Because pharmacological and genetic data supported the idea that serotonin receptors of the 5-HT(1B) type can play a modulatory role in alcohol consumption in both human and rodents, the 5-HT(1B) receptor gene is considered as a candidate gene for alcohol dependence. However, contradictory results have been reported as a positive association between alcohol(More)
The gene coding for the dopamine receptor D3 (DRD3) is considered as a major candidate gene in various addictive disorders. Association studies in alcohol-dependence for this gene are nevertheless controversial. We made the hypothesis that phenotypical heterogeneity of alcohol-dependence (i.e. the DRD3 gene is a vulnerability gene in a specific subgroup of(More)