Philippe B. Bertrand

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As opposed to genetics, dealing with gene expressions by direct DNA sequence modifications, the term epigenetics applies to all the external influences that target the chromatin structure of cells with impact on gene expression unrelated to the sequence coding of DNA itself. In normal cells, epigenetics modulates gene expression through all development(More)
Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 (EZH2) plays an essential epigenetic role in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) development. Recurrent somatic heterozygous gain-of-function mutations of EZH2 have been identified in DLBCL, most notably affecting tyrosine 641 (Y641), inducing hyper-trimethylation of H3K27 (H3K27me3). Novel EZH2 inhibitors are being tested in(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have shown promising antitumor effects on numerous cancer cells including malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) and lung adenocarcinoma (ADCA) cells. However, clinical trials using these compounds alone have shown limited efficacy against solid tumors. Therefore, new molecules are being developed and combinations with(More)
INTRODUCTION Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is frequently associated with hyperintense lesions on T2-weighted images called "unidentified bright objects" (UBO). To better characterize the functional significance of UBO, we investigate the basal ganglia and thalamus using spectroscopic imaging in children with NF1 and compare the results to anomalies(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the availability of guidelines for the specific treatment of hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks, HAE morbidity and mortality rates remain substantial. HAE attacks are a major medical issue requiring specific treatment as well as a considerable socio-economic burden. We report a protocol designed to test whether a dedicated call centre is(More)
Analysis of mitral annular dynamics plays an important role in the diagnosis and selection of optimal valve repair strategies, but remains cumbersome and time-consuming if performed manually. In this paper we propose non-rigid image registration to automatically track the annulus in 3D ultrasound images for both normal and pathological valves, and compare(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is usually taken into account when symptomatic, but the role of asymptomatic HT is not well known. The aim of our study was to evaluate the link between HT after thrombolysis for ischemic stroke and functional outcome at 3 months, with particular emphasis on asymptomatic HT. METHODS Our study was performed(More)
CD70 is a co-stimulatory molecule involved in the immune response and also in cancer development and progression. Recent studies show that high CD70 expression in cancer cells may inhibit the anti-tumor response. Furthermore, CD70 expression has been reported as a predictive marker of resistance to chemotherapy in ovarian cancers. Some in vitro studies have(More)
INTRODUCTION In 2008 the national ranking examination (NRE) will include a test on critical reading of scientific articles. This decision has provoked controversy about whether reproducible correction is possible. The aim of our study was to assess the consistency of grading between this two-part test (critical analysis and summarizing, analyzed(More)