Philippe Acar

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BACKGROUND Valved conduits from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery are frequently used in paediatric cardiac surgery. However, stenosis and insufficiency of the conduit usually occur in the follow-up and lead to reoperations. Conduit stenting can delay surgical replacement, but it aggravates pulmonary insufficiency. We developed an innovative(More)
OBJECTIVES We report our experience of percutaneous valve insertion in pulmonary position in humans. BACKGROUND Over the past 40 years, prosthetic conduits have been developed to surgically establish continuity between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. However, stenosis and insufficiency of the conduit due to valvular degeneration or panus(More)
Eosinophilia may be responsible for cardiac injuries of widely varying severity, from acute myocarditis to endomyocardial fibrosis. In this review, we present both the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for these lesions and their clinical and paraclinical aspects. Numerous aetiologies can lead to severe eosinophilia, but these are mainly represented(More)
Clinical blood isolates from three sequential episodes of endocarditis occurring over a 6-month period in a child with a malformative cardiopathy were investigated. All isolates identified as Abiotrophia defectiva were resistant to erythromycin-clindamycin and to tetracycline-minocycline, due to the presence of sequences homologous to the erythromycin(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) allows accurate calculation of ventricular volumes despite a remaining geometric assumption on the ventricular shape. Few studies involving full volume reconstruction software have been performed on children. Our aim was to compare the left ventricular (LV) volume measurements obtained with the most used(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility of using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) to evaluate the fetal heart. METHODS Sixty fetuses were studied with gestational age between 22 and 34 weeks. The fetal heart was normal in 44 fetuses. In 16 fetuses, the fetal heart had morphologic abnormalities (hypoplastic left ventricle in 4, tetralogy(More)
Improved surgical care during the last decades, together with advances in medical management, led to a remarkable increase in survival of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). However, aging of the CHD population brings new challenges, and loss of follow-up of adolescents and adults with CHD is a major concern. It is crucial to optimize the transfer(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous closure of large persistent ductus arteriosus using the Amplatzer duct occluder is an alternative to surgery. However, this device is not recommended in infants weighing less than 6 kg. AIM To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of this procedure in low-body-weight infants. METHODS We reviewed retrospectively data for infants(More)
BACKGROUND Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) allows accurate estimation of left ventricular (LV) volumes and function in children. Because of the peculiar morphology of the right ventricle (RV), RV volumes and function assessment remain challenging. 3D software adapted for RV morphology is a promising noninvasive method. AIMS The aims of this study(More)