Philippe A. Eigenmann

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Rhinoviruses and enteroviruses are leading causes of respiratory infections. To evaluate genotypic diversity and identify forces shaping picornavirus evolution, we screened persons with respiratory illnesses by using rhinovirus-specific or generic real-time PCR assays. We then sequenced the 5 untranslated region, capsid protein VP1, and protease precursor(More)
The long-term solution to the asthma epidemic is thought to be prevention, and not treatment of established disease. Atopic asthma arises from gene-environment interactions, which mainly take place during a short period in prenatal and postnatal development. These interactions are not completely understood, and hence primary prevention remains an elusive(More)
In less than half a century, allergy, originally perceived as a rare disease, has become a major public health threat, today affecting the lives of more than 60 million people in Europe, and probably close to one billion worldwide, thereby heavily impacting the budgets of public health systems. More disturbingly, its prevalence and impact are on the rise, a(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a distressing dermatological disease, which is highly prevalent during infancy, can persist into later life and requires long-term management with anti-inflammatory compounds. The introduction of the topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs), tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, more than 10 yr ago was a major breakthrough for the topical(More)
BACKGROUND Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is involved in the pathogenesis of allergic reactions in the skin and the lung. Nevertheless, data on the role of TSLP in food allergy are scarce. We explored the role of TSLP in a mouse model with oral sensitization and oral challenge eliciting food allergy. METHODS TSLP receptor (TSLPR)-/- mice and wild(More)
BACKGROUND The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is in the process of developing the EAACI Guidelines for Allergen Immunotherapy (AIT) for IgE-mediated food allergy. We seek to critically assess the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety of AIT in IgE-mediated food allergy. METHODS We will undertake a systematic review,(More)
We present a case report of food protein-induced enter-ocolitis (FPIES) to mushrooms and highlight the caveats of diagnosing acute FPIES in clinical practice, particularly in older children and when solid foods are involved. The current clinical diagnostic criteria need to be revised based on the recent evidence to avoid under-diagnosis of FPIES. A case of(More)
An impact of the gut flora, the microbiota, on the modulation of allergies has been suspected for many years. Among non-pathogenic, colonizing organisms of the gut, probiotics play a special role in this regard and many experimental and clinical studies have focused on these microorganisms. The presentation will first address immunologic concepts which are(More)