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OBJECTIVE To assess whether incomplete bladder emptying and the need for clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC) is predictable, by analysing urodynamic and detrusor contractility variables in patients treated with botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) for refractory idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO). PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty-seven patients (mean age(More)
Health economic aspects are crucial in arguing the feasibility of setting up a new service using an unlicensed treatment. Overall, the costs of intradetrusor botulinum neurotoxin-A treatment appear to be modest relative to the improvement in quality of life. However, in managing the overactive bladder, there is a need for a widely accepted definition of(More)
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