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BACKGROUND Housing is an important environmental influence on population health, and there is growing evidence of health effects from indoor environment characteristics such as low indoor temperatures. However, there is relatively little research, and thus little firm guidance, on the cost-effectiveness of public policies to retrospectively improve the(More)
Executive summary The Healthy Cities movement has been in process for almost 30 years, and the features needed to transform a city into a healthy one are becoming increasingly understood. What is less well understood, however, is how to deliver the potential health benefi ts and how to ensure that they reach all citizens in urban areas across the world.(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important infectious disease in New Zealand (NZ) and globally, but risk factors for transmission are still poorly understood. This research aimed to identify whether household crowding contributes to TB transmission in NZ. METHODS This ecological study used TB surveillance and census data to calculate TB incidence(More)
OBJECTIVE Following revision of the international standard classification (ISCO88), to update and validate on health data an occupationally derived indicator of socio-economic status (SES) adapted to changing occupational and demographic conditions. METHOD The development of the New Zealand Socioeconomic Index (NZSEI) is based on a 'returns to human(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether non-polluting, more effective home heating (heat pump, wood pellet burner, flued gas) has a positive effect on the health of children with asthma. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Households in five communities in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS 409 children aged 6-12 years with doctor diagnosed asthma. INTERVENTIONS(More)
The objective of this study is to describe the prevalence of alcohol and drug use and attitudes towards alcohol use in a group of New Zealand lesbian women. The method used is 1,222 copies of a postal questionnaire (the Lesbian Mental Health Survey [LMHS]) were distributed via lesbian newsletters over a 4-month period. Responses were received from 561(More)
OBJECTIVE To find out how presenting information about the benefits of screening for cancer in different ways affects an individual's decision to accept or reject screening. METHODS A telephone survey of the Wellington region, New Zealand was carried out. RESULTS A response rate of 75.6% was obtained. Respondents were most likely to accept screening(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether insulating existing houses increases indoor temperatures and improves occupants' health and wellbeing. DESIGN Community based, cluster, single blinded randomised study. SETTING Seven low income communities in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS 1350 households containing 4407 participants. INTERVENTION Installation of a standard(More)