Philippa L Howden-Chapman

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BACKGROUND Housing is an important environmental influence on population health, and there is growing evidence of health effects from indoor environment characteristics such as low indoor temperatures. However, there is relatively little research, and thus little firm guidance, on the cost-effectiveness of public policies to retrospectively improve the(More)
University College London, London, UK (Prof Y Rydin PhD, A Bleahu MA, Prof M Davies PhD, J D Dávila PhD, Prof S Friel PhD, G De Grandis PhD, Prof N Groce PhD, I Hamilton MSc, K-M Lai PhD, Prof C J Lim AA Dipl, J Martins MA, D Osrin MRCP, I Scott PhD, M Taylor MSc, J Wilson PhD); The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia (Prof S Friel); Federal(More)
Evidence of the influence of research on health policy is paradoxical. While there is scant evidence that research has had any impact on the direction or implementation of widespread health reforms, research on evidence-based medicine has dramatically increased, despite limited evidence that it has affected clinical practice. These developments have(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether insulating existing houses increases indoor temperatures and improves occupants' health and wellbeing. DESIGN Community based, cluster, single blinded randomised study. SETTING Seven low income communities in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS 1350 households containing 4407 participants. INTERVENTION Installation of a standard(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important infectious disease in New Zealand (NZ) and globally, but risk factors for transmission are still poorly understood. This research aimed to identify whether household crowding contributes to TB transmission in NZ. METHODS This ecological study used TB surveillance and census data to calculate TB incidence(More)
Although the home is a major setting for injury morbidity and mortality, there are few proven effective interventions for reducing home injury risk. To inform future research or interventions, this study measures associations between home injury hazards and home injury from a sample of New Zealand households. Logistic regression was used to assess the(More)
AIM To review the evidence for the effectiveness of workplaces as settings for cardiovascular health promotion and reduction of heart health inequalities in New Zealand. METHODS Literature review and structured appraisal of 154 articles meeting inclusion criteria, of which one review and three trials addressed cardiovascular interventions specifically,(More)
In recent years, greater emphasis has been placed on evidence-based practice by health care purchasers, managers and practitioners around the world. This is seen as a means of delivering greater benefits to patients and populations within existing resources. Evidence-based practice requires accessible information in a form that is relevant to the problems(More)