Philippa Jane Benson

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An investigation was made into the sensitivity of cells in the macaque superior temporal sulcus (STS) to the sight of different perspective views of the head. This allowed assessment of (a) whether coding was ‘viewer-centred’ (view specific) or ‘object-centred’ (view invariant) and (b) whether viewer-centred cells were preferentially tuned to(More)
1. Neurons that are selectively sensitive to the direction of motion of elongated contours have been found in several cortical areas in many species. However, in the striate cortex of the cat and monkey, and the extrastriate posteromedial lateral suprasylvian visual area of the cat, such cells are generally component motion selective, signaling only the(More)
Motion perception and associated involuntary eye movements depend on factors such as the physical attributes of the stimulus and visual attention. Cues from spatial changes in luminance (first-order motion in the Fourier domain) or more complicated transitions involving two-dimensional patterns (second-order, non-Fourier) require rather different kinds of(More)
Neural mechanisms underlying recognition of objects must overcome the changes in an object's appearance caused by inconsistent viewing conditions, particularly those that occur with changes in lighting. In humans, lesions to the posterior visual association cortex can impair the ability to recognize objects and faces across different lighting conditions.(More)
The speeded categorisation of gender from photographs of men's and women's faces under conditions of vertical brow and vertical head movement was explored in two sets of experiments. These studies were guided by the suggestion that a simple cue to gender in faces, the vertical distance between the eyelid and brow, could support such decisions. In men this(More)
We present new experimental observations of G.Y., a well-tested patient with unilateral loss of primary visual cortex. We stimulated G.Y.'s blind hemifield using first- and second-order motion stimuli at velocities around psychophysical threshold. Using a dual response paradigm (awareness level of visual motion, motion direction discrimination)(More)
We trained monkeys to maintain fixation while first- and second-order motion stimuli were displayed centrally in the visual field. Stimulus velocity, spatial frequency and contrast were varied to determine differences in patterns of involuntary eye movements elicited by random onset of stimulus motion. We observed different patterns of eye movement latency(More)
Can face actions that carry significance within language be perceived categorically? We used continua produced by computational morphing of face-action images to explore this question in a controlled fashion. In Experiment 1 we showed that question--type--a syntactic distinction in British Sign Language (BSL)--can be perceived categorically, but only when(More)
N1 and P3 components of the human event-related potential were recorded from subjects performing a syllable discrimination task which required selective attention to one ear at a time. The N1 component was enhanced to all stimuli in the attended ear; while the P3 component was enhanced only to the "target" stimulus in that ear. The results are discussed in(More)
Short-latency ocular following responses in monkeys, induced by first- and second-order motion during a fixation task, were sensitive to stimulus size, retinal eccentricity and motion duration. Latency of eye movements was no different for first- or second-order motion and simply marked the occurrence of movement in the visual field. Second-order motion(More)