Philipp Ternes

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Sphingolipids desaturated at the Delta4-position are important signaling molecules in many eukaryotic organisms, including mammals. In a bioinformatics approach, we now identified a new family of protein sequences from animals, plants, and fungi and characterized these sequences biochemically by expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This resulted in the(More)
The bioactive lipid ceramide is produced by the enzyme ceramide synthase, which exists in several isoforms in most eukaryotic organisms. Here, we investigated functional differences between the three ceramide synthase isoforms in Arabidopsis thaliana. The biochemical properties of the three ceramide synthases were investigated by comparing lipid profiles of(More)
Specific amplification of nucleic acid sequences by PCR has been extensively used for the detection of gene rearrangements and gene expression. Although successful amplification of DNA sequences has been carried out with DNA prepared from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues, there are only a few reports regarding RNA analysis in this kind of(More)
Fatty acid desaturases catalyze the introduction of double bonds at specific positions of an acyl chain and are categorized according to their substrate specificity and regioselectivity. The current understanding of membrane-bound desaturases is based on mutant studies, biochemical topology analysis, and the comparison of related enzymes with divergent(More)
Ceramides are central intermediates of sphingolipid metabolism with critical functions in cell organization and survival. They are synthesized on the cytosolic surface of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and transported by ceramide transfer protein to the Golgi for conversion to sphingomyelin (SM) by SM synthase SMS1. In this study, we report the(More)
Fungal glucosylceramides play an important role in plant-pathogen interactions enabling plants to recognize the fungal attack and initiate specific defense responses. A prime structural feature distinguishing fungal glucosylceramides from those of plants and animals is a methyl group at the C9-position of the sphingoid base, the biosynthesis of which has(More)
In Arabidopsis, the fatty acid moiety of sphingolipids is mainly α-hydroxylated. The consequences of a reduction in this modification were analysed. Mutants of both Fatty Acid Hydroxylase genes (AtFAH1 and AtFAH2) were analysed for sphingolipid profiles. To elucidate further consequences of the mutations, metabolic analyses were performed and the influence(More)
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a strong B-cell-activating factor. Since murine Ly1-positive peritoneal or lymphoma B cells strongly express IL-10, we examined malignant cells from patients with acute and chronic leukemias by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the expression of IL-10 mRNA. High expression was found in three out of four(More)
Although the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has only one sphingolipid class with a head group based on phosphoinositol, the yeast Pichia pastoris as well as many other fungi have a second class, glucosylceramide, which has a glucose head group. These two sphingolipid classes are in addition distinguished by a characteristic structure of their ceramide(More)