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OBJECTIVE Imaging of regional cerebral glucose metabolism with PET and striatal dopamine D2/D3 receptors (D2R) with SPECT improves the differential diagnosis of parkinsonism. We prospectively investigated 1) the diagnostic merits of these approaches in differentiating between Lewy body diseases (LBD; majority Parkinson disease [PD]) and atypical(More)
The important roles played by the A(1) adenosine receptor (A(1)AR) in brain physiology and pathology make this receptor a target for in vivo imaging. Here we describe the distribution of A(1)ARs in the living human brain with PET, made possible for the first time by the highly potent and selective A(1)AR antagonist(More)
UNLABELLED PET studies with biomarkers of regional neuronal activity (cerebral glucose metabolism or blood flow [CBF]) and amyloid-β (Aβ) depositions provide complementary information for the early diagnosis of dementia and follow-up of patients with dementia. We investigated the validity of relative regional CBF estimates (R(1)) gained from pharmacokinetic(More)
Early differential diagnosis of parkinsonism is of paramount therapeutic and prognostic importance. In the present review, the diagnostic value of routinely used nuclear medicine procedures is presented and critically discussed. The [(123)I]FP-CIT single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is the method of choice for differentiation between(More)
It is currently hypothesized that adenosine is involved in the induction of sleep after prolonged wakefulness. This effect is partially reversed by the application of caffeine, which is a nonselective blocker of adenosine receptors. Here, we report that the most abundant and highly concentrated A1 subtype of cerebral adenosine receptors is upregulated after(More)
OBJECTIVES Although functional MRI is widely used for preoperative planning and intraoperative neuronavigation, its accuracy to depict the site of neuronal activity is not exactly known. Experience with methods that may validate fMRI data and the results obtained when coregistering fMRI with different preoperative and intraoperative mapping modalities(More)
BACKGROUND [(11)C]MDL100,907 is a promising positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for 5-HT(2A) receptor quantification in vivo. Studies suggest that [(11)C]MDL100,907 PET may be quantified by non-invasive reference tissue analyses using cerebellum as reference region. We systematically investigated the validity of such analyses. METHODS Five healthy(More)
PURPOSE The goal of the present study was to evaluate the reproducibility of cerebral A1 adenosine receptor (A1AR) quantification using [18F]CPFPX and PET in a test-retest design. METHODS Eleven healthy volunteers were studied twice. Eight brain regions ranging from high to low receptor binding were examined. [18F]CPFPX was injected as a bolus with(More)
In patients scheduled for the resection of perisylvian brain tumours, knowledge of the cortical topography of language functions is crucial in order to avoid neurological deficits. We investigated the applicability of statistical parametric mapping (SPM) without stereotactic normalisation for individual preoperative language function brain mapping using(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging of cerebral A(1) adenosine receptors (A(1)AR) with positron emission tomography (PET) has recently become available for neurological research. To date, it has still not been unraveled if there is a valid reference region without specific radioligand binding that may be used to improve image quantification. We conducted in vivo(More)