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The expression of the adhesion protein osteopontin (OP) is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and is significantly increased after transition to heart failure in experimental animal models. We, therefore, hypothesized that OP could be upregulated in heart failure in humans. In the present study, we investigated the expression of OP in myocardial biopsies(More)
Migration of endothelial cells (EC) is a key event in angiogenesis that contributes to neovascularization in diabetic vasculopathy. Leptin induces angiogenesis and is elevated in obesity and hyperinsulinemia. The antidiabetic thiazolidinediones (TZD) inhibit leptin gene expression and vascular smooth muscle cell migration through activation of the(More)
AIMS Sympathetic stimulation induces left ventricular hypertrophy and is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) has been shown to reduce sympathetic outflow and blood pressure (BP). The present multi-centre study aimed to investigate the effect of RDN on anatomic and functional myocardial parameters, assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of macrophages and their in situ expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important determinants of plaque stability. Activation of membrane-bound MT1-MMP, the major activator of pro-MMP-2, requires intracellular endoproteolytic cleavage of its precursor protein. This type of activation typically requires suitable(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertensive cardiomyopathy is characterized by myocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. The effects of renal denervation (RD) on the heart are poorly understood. New magnetic resonance imaging techniques (extracellular volume fraction) permit the quantitative assessment of myocardial fibrosis. Our aim was to study the effects of RD on(More)
O steopontin (OP) is a multifunctional cytokine and adhesion protein that contains an RGD (arginin-glycin-aspartate) binding sequence that enables it to interact with several integrins, CD44 variants, and other adhesion receptors. OP receptor binding then directly or indirectly activates intracellular signaling pathways, mediating its effects on cell–matrix(More)
Integrins link the cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix, providing outside-in/inside-out signalling essential for vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration in atherosclerosis. The integrin av subunit is synthesised from its precursor via furin-dependent endoproteolytic cleavage. Furin is a proprotein convertase (PC) highly expressed in VSMCs and in(More)
RATIONALE Positive outward remodeling of pre-existing collateral arteries into functional conductance arteries, arteriogenesis, is a major endogenous rescue mechanism to prevent cardiovascular ischemia. Collateral arterial growth is accompanied by expression of kinin precursor. However, the role of kinin signaling via the kinin receptors (B1R and B2R) in(More)
We have recently demonstrated that furin, PC5, and PC7, members of the subtilisin/kexin-like mammalian proprotein convertases (PCs), are found in rodent aorta. These PCs have been identified to activate several growth factors, adhesion molecules and extracellular matrix compounds by endoproteolytic cleavage. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
This study investigated the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel, standardly used in the secondary prevention of vascular occlusions, on cerebral arteriogenesis in vivo and in vitro. Cerebral hypoperfusion was induced by three-vessel occlusion (3-VO) in rats, which subsequently received vehicle, ASA (6.34 mg/kg), or clopidogrel (10 mg/kg).(More)