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The expression of the adhesion protein osteopontin (OP) is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and is significantly increased after transition to heart failure in experimental animal models. We, therefore, hypothesized that OP could be upregulated in heart failure in humans. In the present study, we investigated the expression of OP in myocardial biopsies(More)
UNLABELLED Macrophage migration is a key aspect in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is highly expressed in macrophages in human atheroma. Its function in macrophage motility, however, remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of IGF-1 on macrophage migration, its(More)
AIMS Sympathetic stimulation induces left ventricular hypertrophy and is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) has been shown to reduce sympathetic outflow and blood pressure (BP). The present multi-centre study aimed to investigate the effect of RDN on anatomic and functional myocardial parameters, assessed(More)
The losartan metabolite EXP3174 exhibits angiotensin II receptor 1 (AT1R)-blocking properties, whereas the metabolite EXP3179 potently induces the activity of the insulin-sensitizing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) as a partial agonist in vitro. We investigated whether chronic treatment with losartan leads to sufficient serum(More)
OBJECTIVE Heart failure is characterized by an imbalance of matrix synthesis/turnover, finally resulting in fibrosis. Cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts play a pivotal role in the remodeling process. Cardiac remodeling involves the expression of TGF-beta1 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in cardiac fibroblasts (CFBs). Furin, a subtilisin/kexin-like(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) regulate lipid and glucose metabolism and exert several vascular effects that may provide a dual benefit of these receptors on metabolic disorders and atherosclerotic vascular disease. Endothelial cell migration is a key event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We therefore investigated the effects of(More)
Exercise-induced cardiac hypertrophy has been recently identified to be regulated in a sex-specific manner. In parallel, women exhibit enhanced exercise-mediated lipolysis compared with men, which might be linked to cardiac responses. The aim of the present study was to assess if previously reported sex-dependent differences in the cardiac hypertrophic(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) interferes with insulin signaling in adipose tissue and may promote insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is associated with vascular injury, but little is known about the interaction of TNFalpha and insulin in the vasculature. By activating the Insulin receptor (IR) --> IRS-1 --> phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)(More)
The (pro)renin receptor ((P)RR) and Wnt signalling are both involved in different diseases ranging from cardiac and renal end-organ damage to cancer. (P)RR function involves signalling via the transcription factor promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger protein (PLZF) as well as the furin-mediated generation of vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase(More)