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The expression of the adhesion protein osteopontin (OP) is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and is significantly increased after transition to heart failure in experimental animal models. We, therefore, hypothesized that OP could be upregulated in heart failure in humans. In the present study, we investigated the expression of OP in myocardial biopsies(More)
AIMS Sympathetic stimulation induces left ventricular hypertrophy and is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) has been shown to reduce sympathetic outflow and blood pressure (BP). The present multi-centre study aimed to investigate the effect of RDN on anatomic and functional myocardial parameters, assessed(More)
UNLABELLED Macrophage migration is a key aspect in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is highly expressed in macrophages in human atheroma. Its function in macrophage motility, however, remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of IGF-1 on macrophage migration, its(More)
OBJECTIVE Heart failure is characterized by an imbalance of matrix synthesis/turnover, finally resulting in fibrosis. Cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts play a pivotal role in the remodeling process. Cardiac remodeling involves the expression of TGF-beta1 and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in cardiac fibroblasts (CFBs). Furin, a subtilisin/kexin-like(More)
The losartan metabolite EXP3174 exhibits angiotensin II receptor 1 (AT1R)-blocking properties, whereas the metabolite EXP3179 potently induces the activity of the insulin-sensitizing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) as a partial agonist in vitro. We investigated whether chronic treatment with losartan leads to sufficient serum(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of macrophages and their in situ expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important determinants of plaque stability. Activation of membrane-bound MT1-MMP, the major activator of pro-MMP-2, requires intracellular endoproteolytic cleavage of its precursor protein. This type of activation typically requires suitable(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) regulate lipid and glucose metabolism and exert several vascular effects that may provide a dual benefit of these receptors on metabolic disorders and atherosclerotic vascular disease. Endothelial cell migration is a key event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We therefore investigated the effects of(More)
Migration of endothelial cells (EC) is a key event in angiogenesis that contributes to neovascularization in diabetic vasculopathy. Leptin induces angiogenesis and is elevated in obesity and hyperinsulinemia. The antidiabetic thiazolidinediones (TZD) inhibit leptin gene expression and vascular smooth muscle cell migration through activation of the(More)
We recently demonstrated that alpha(v)beta(3) integrins are involved in the mechanisms of angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced DNA synthesis and collagen gel contractions in rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFBs), cellular mechanisms that are relevant for cardiac remodeling. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effect of Ang II and other growth factors on(More)