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The expression of the adhesion protein osteopontin (OP) is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and is significantly increased after transition to heart failure in experimental animal models. We, therefore, hypothesized that OP could be upregulated in heart failure in humans. In the present study, we investigated the expression of OP in myocardial biopsies(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertensive cardiomyopathy is characterized by myocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. The effects of renal denervation (RD) on the heart are poorly understood. New magnetic resonance imaging techniques (extracellular volume fraction) permit the quantitative assessment of myocardial fibrosis. Our aim was to study the effects of RD on(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is a key feature in cardiometabolic syndrome-associated adipogenesis and atherosclerosis. Activation of membrane-tethered (MT) 1-MMP depends on furin (PCSK3). However, the regulation and function of the natural furin-inhibitor serpinB8 and thus furin/MT1-MMP-activity(More)
This study investigated the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel, standardly used in the secondary prevention of vascular occlusions, on cerebral arteriogenesis in vivo and in vitro. Cerebral hypoperfusion was induced by three-vessel occlusion (3-VO) in rats, which subsequently received vehicle, ASA (6.34 mg/kg), or clopidogrel (10 mg/kg).(More)
Insulin signaling is tightly controlled by tyrosine dephosphorylation of the insulin receptor through protein-tyrosine-phosphatases (PTPs). DEP-1 is a PTP dephosphorylating tyrosine residues in a variety of receptor tyrosine kinases. Here, we analyzed whether DEP-1 activity is differentially regulated in liver, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue under(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance can be triggered by enhanced dephosphorylation of the insulin receptor or downstream components in the insulin signaling cascade through protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). Downregulating density-enhanced phosphatase-1 (DEP-1) resulted in an improved metabolic status in previous analyses. This phenotype was primarily caused by(More)
Late gadolinium enhancement is the technique of choice for detecting myocardial fibrosis. Although this technique is used in a wide range of cardiovascular pathologies, ischemic cardiomyopathy and the workup for myocarditis and other cardiomyopathies make up a significant proportion of the total indications. Multiple studies during the last decade have(More)
AIM To study the effects of RD on renal artery wall function non-invasively using magnetic resonance. METHODS AND RESULTS 32 patients undergoing RD were included. A 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance of the renal arteries was performed before RD and after 6-month. We quantified the vessel sharpness of both renal arteries using a quantitative analysis tool(More)
Insulin resistance plays a crucial role in the development of type 2 diabetes. Insulin receptor signalling is antagonized and tightly controlled by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). However, the precise role of the PTP src homology 2 domain-containing phosphatase 1 (SHP-1) in insulin resistance has not been explored. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a(More)