Philipp Stahl

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Rabbit alveolar macrophages rapidly internalize and degrade mannosylated bovine serum albumin (125I-mannose-BSA). Trichloroacetic acid-soluble degradation products appear in the cells as early as 6 min after uptake at 37 degrees C, and in the extracellular medium after 10 min. Incubation of endocytic vesicles containing this ligand in isotonic buffers at pH(More)
Macrophages express a mannose-specific pinocytosis receptor that binds and internalizes lysosomal hydrolases. Treatment of rat bone marrow-derived macrophages with dexamethasone resulted in a concentration- and time-dependent increase in mannose-receptor activity. The dexamethasone effect was maximal at 24 h. Half-maximal effects were observed at a(More)
A high affinity and a specific binding site for bee venom PLA2 was found on the surface of J774E macrophages. The binding sites for bee venom PLA2 are entirely different from the binding sites for pancreatic and snake venom PLA2 as revealed by competition experiments. Binding and uptake of bee venom PLA2 by J774E macrophages was shown to be competed by(More)
Essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency has been shown to protect against the glomerulonephritis in a murine model of systemic lupus erythematosus. Since macrophages are an important cellular constituent of the inflammatory lesion, the effects of EFA deficiency on the eicosanoid metabolism and function of these cells were determined. EFA-deficient macrophages(More)
The haemoflagellate Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of Chagas’ disease that occurs in approximately 8 million people in Latin America. Patients infected with T. cruzi frequently suffer of cardiomegaly and may die of myocardial failure. Here we show that T. cruzi trypomastigotes (extracellular form) increased in vitro apoptosis of rat(More)
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi is responsible for the zoonotic Chagas disease, a chronic and systemic infection in humans and warm-blooded animals typically leading to progressive dilated cardiomyopathy and gastrointestinal manifestations. In the present study, we report that the transcription factor STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of(More)
BACKGROUND Trypanosoma cruzi is a protist parasite that causes Chagas disease. Several proteins that are essential for parasite virulence and involved in host immune responses are anchored to the membrane through glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) molecules. In addition, T. cruzi GPI anchors have immunostimulatory activities, including the ability to(More)