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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Leukocyte migration into alveolar space plays a critical role in pulmonary inflammation resulting in lung injury. Acute ethanol (EtOH) exposure exerts anti-inflammatory effects. The clinical use of EtOH is critical due to its side effects. Here, we compared effects of EtOH and ethyl pyruvate (EtP) on neutrophil adhesion and activation(More)
BACKGROUND While female gender was associated with lower rates of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis and single and/or multiple organ failure (MOF), contradictory data suggest no correlation between gender and complication rates and/or outcome in trauma patients (TP). Here, we analyzed the gender influence on systemic interleukin (IL)-6(More)
Severe life-threatening injuries in Western Europe are mostly caused by blunt trauma. However, penetrating trauma might be more common in urban regions, but their characteristics have not been fully elucidated. Retrospective analysis of data from patients admitted to our urban university level I trauma center between 2008 and 2013 with suspicion of severe(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of alcohol consumption on inflammatory state and outcome in brain-injured patients remains controversial. We analyzed the influence of positive blood alcohol concentration (BAC) on inflammatory changes, inhospital complications, and mortality in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with an Injury(More)
Chest trauma has a significant relevance on outcome after severe trauma. Clinically, impaired lung function typically occurs within 72 hours after trauma. However, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still not fully elucidated. Therefore, we aimed to establish an experimental long-term model to investigate physiological, morphologic and(More)
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