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CONTEXT In previous smaller trials, a procalcitonin (PCT) algorithm reduced antibiotic use in patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs). OBJECTIVE To examine whether a PCT algorithm can reduce antibiotic exposure without increasing the risk for serious adverse outcomes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS A multicenter, noninferiority,(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials yielded conflicting data about the benefit of adding systemic corticosteroids for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. We assessed whether short-term corticosteroid treatment reduces time to clinical stability in patients admitted to hospital for community-acquired pneumonia. METHODS In this double-blind, multicentre,(More)
Identifying strongly connected substructures in large networks provides insight into their coarse-grained organization. Several approaches based on the optimization of a quality function, e.g., the modularity, have been proposed. We present here a multistep extension of the greedy algorithm ͑MSG͒ that allows the merging of more than one pair of communities(More)
Previous randomized controlled trials suggest that using clinical algorithms based on procalcitonin levels, a marker of bacterial infections, results in reduced antibiotic use without a deleterious effect on clinical outcomes. However, algorithms differed among trials and were embedded primarily within the European health care setting. Herein, we summarize(More)
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to stress is a dynamic process. The homeostatic corrections that have emerged in the course of human evolution to cope with the catastrophic events during critical illness involve a complex multisystem endeavor. Although the repertoire of endocrine changes has been probed in some detail, discerning the(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory tract infections are the most common reason for antibiotic therapy in primary care despite their mainly viral etiology. A laboratory test measuring procalcitonin levels in blood specimens was suggested as a tool to reduce unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics. We consider whether antibiotic therapy guided by procalcitonin(More)
Procalcitonin is a surrogate biomarker for estimating the likelihood of a bacterial infection. Procalcitonin-guided initiation and termination of antibiotic therapy is a novel approach utilized to reduce antibiotic overuse. This is essential to decrease the risk of side effects and emerging bacterial multiresistance. Interpretation of procalcitonin levels(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate and validate the incremental value of copeptin in the prediction of outcome and complications as compared with established clinical variables. METHODS In this prospective, multicenter, cohort study, we measured copeptin in the emergency room within 24 hours from symptom onset in 783 patients with acute ischemic stroke. The 2 primary(More)
BACKGROUND Early diagnosis of postoperative orthopaedic infections is important in order to rapidly initiate adequate antimicrobial therapy. There are currently no reliable diagnostic markers to differentiate infectious from noninfectious causes of postoperative fever. We investigated the value of the serum procalcitonin level in febrile patients after(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) accounts for a high mortality and morbidity. Early prediction of outcome is crucial for optimized care and treatment decision. Copeptin, the C-terminal part of provasopressin, has emerged as a new prognostic marker in a variety of diseases, but its prognostic value in ICH is unknown. METHODS In 40(More)