Philipp Rovina

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Ceramide kinase (CERK) and the ceramide kinase-like protein (CERKL), two related members of the diacylglycerol kinase family, are ill-defined at the molecular level. In particular, what determines their distinctive subcellular localization is not well understood. Here we show that the Pleckstrin Homology (PH) domain of CERK, which is required for Golgi(More)
Ceramide kinase (CerK) produces the bioactive lipid ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) and appears as a key enzyme for controlling ceramide levels. In this study, we discovered and characterized adamantane-1-carboxylic acid (2-benzoylamino-benzothiazol-6-yl)amide (NVP-231), a potent, specific, and reversible CerK inhibitor that competitively inhibits binding of(More)
CerK (ceramide kinase) produces ceramide 1-phosphate, a sphingophospholipid with recognized signalling properties. It localizes to the Golgi complex and fractionates essentially between detergent-soluble and -insoluble fractions; however, the determinants are unknown. Here, we made a detailed mutagenesis study of the N-terminal PH domain (pleckstrin(More)
Ceramide kinase (CerK) is a sphingolipid metabolizing enzyme very sensitive to oxidation; however, the determinants are unknown. We show here that the thiol-modifying agent N-ethyl-maleimide abrogates CerK activity in vitro and in a cell based assay, implying that important cysteine residues are accessible in purified as well as endogenous CerK. We replaced(More)
Ceramide kinase (CERK) is essential for production of ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P), a bioactive lipid whose formation critically modulates ceramide levels. To explore how CERK is regulated, we used insect cell-expressed, recombinant hCERK and searched for post-translational modifications, using mass-spectrometry techniques. This led to identification of two(More)
In mammals, ceramide kinase (CerK)-mediated phosphorylation of ceramide is the only known pathway to ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P), a recently identified signaling sphingolipid metabolite. To help delineate the roles of CerK and C1P, we knocked out the gene of CerK in BALB/c mice by homologous recombination. All in vitro as well as cell-based assays indicated(More)
We evaluated how increased levels of ceramide kinase (CerK) would impact the growth of COS-1 fibroblasts and RBL-2H3 basophils. The low CerK activity in these cells was strongly up-regulated upon recombinant expression of CerK. CerK-overexpressing COS-1 cells depended on higher concentrations of serum for their growth and displayed many filipodia. The two(More)
Ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P), the product of ceramide kinase, is a sphingophospholipid with recently recognized signaling properties. In particular, it was reported to be mitogenic and capable of direct stimulation of cytosolic phospholipase A(2alpha). Much of the present knowledge has relied on the use of C1P of various acyl chain lengths, together with(More)
Ceramide kinase (CERK) produces the bioactive lipid ceramide 1-phosphate (C1P) and is, together with glucosylceramide synthase (GCS) and sphingomyelin synthases (SMS-1 and -2), a key regulator of ceramide metabolism. Here, we used a previously validated assay for measuring CERK, GCS, and SMS activities simultaneously, to study the regulation of ceramide(More)