Philipp-Niclas Pfenning

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PURPOSE Recent work points out a role of B7H3, a member of the B7-family of costimulatory proteins, in conveying immunosuppression and enforced invasiveness in a variety of tumor entities. Glioblastoma is armed with effective immunosuppressive properties resulting in an impaired recognition and ineffective attack of tumor cells by the immune system. In(More)
Loss of the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a prerequisite for tumor cell-specific expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2 in glioblastoma defining a subgroup prone to develop evasive resistance towards antiangiogenic treatments. Immunohistochemical analysis of human tumor(More)
In a strategy to identify novel genes involved in glioma pathogenesis by molecular characterization of chromosomal translocation breakpoints, we identified the KIAA1797 gene, encoding a protein with an as yet undefined function, to be disrupted by a 7;9 translocation in a primary glioblastoma culture. Array-based comparative genomic hybridization detected(More)
Previous findings suggest an angiogenesis-regulating function of the p53 tumor suppressor protein in various malignancies. With several antiangiogenic agents entering the clinic, we assessed the value of the TP53 status in predicting angiogenesis in glioblastoma in vivo and examined underlying angiogenic-signaling pathways in vitro. We identified 26 TP53(More)
A hypoxic microenvironment induces resistance to alkylating agents by activating targets in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. The molecular mechanisms involved in this mTOR-mediated hypoxia-induced chemoresistance, however, are unclear. Here we identify the mTOR target N-myc downstream regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) as a key determinant of(More)
PURPOSE To compare conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques (T2-w and Gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced T1-w images) and Gadofluorine-M (GfM), a novel contrast agent in MRI, in murine gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS Growth monitoring of murine gliomas (induced in mice) was performed on a 2.3 Tesla Bruker Biospec MRI unit. First all animals were(More)
An essential mode of acquired resistance to radiotherapy (RT) appears to be promotion of tumor cell motility and invasiveness in various cancer types, including glioblastoma, a process resembling ’evasive resistance’. Hence, a logical advancement of RT would be to identify suitable complementary treatment strategies, ideally targeting cell motility. Here we(More)
Purpose:Recent work points out a role of B7H3, amember of the B7-family of costimulatory proteins, in conveying immunosuppression and enforced invasiveness in a variety of tumor entities. Glioblastoma is armed with effective immunosuppressive properties resulting in an impaired recognition and ineffective attack of tumor cells by the immune system. In(More)
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