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Upon vascular injury, locally controlled haemostasis prevents life-threatening blood loss and ensures wound healing. Intracellular material derived from damaged cells at these sites will become exposed to blood components and could contribute to blood coagulation and pathological thrombus formation. So far, the functional and mechanistic consequences of(More)
Changes in the alveolar hemostatic balance in severe pneumonia were compared with those in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Analysis was performed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) of patients with ARDS triggered by nonpulmonary underlying events in the absence of lung infection (ARDS; n = 25), pneumonia demanding mechanical ventilation(More)
RATIONALE Activation of the coagulation cascade has been demonstrated in pulmonary fibrosis. In addition to its procoagulant function, various coagulation proteases exhibit cellular effects that may also contribute to fibrotic processes in the lung. OBJECTIVE To investigate the importance of protease-activated receptor (PAR)-2 and its activators,(More)
Bleomycin is a well known fibrogenic agent, provoking an initial adult respiratory distress syndrome-like injury with subsequent strong fibroproliferative response. Severe abnormalities of the alveolar surfactant system, which may be linked to the appearance of alveolar fibrin deposition, have been implicated in the pathogenetic sequence of events. Using a(More)
Cell surface-associated proteolysis plays a crucial role in the migration of mononuclear phagocytes to sites of inflammation. The glycolytic enzyme enolase-1 (ENO-1) binds plasminogen at the cell surface, enhancing local plasmin production. This study addressed the role played by ENO-1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-driven chemokine-directed monocyte migration(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal disease for which no effective treatment exists. In the present study, 12 IPF patients underwent analysis of gas exchange properties using the multiple inert gas elimination technique on day 1 before and after the administration of 125 mg bosentan, a dual endothelin antagonist. Following this, patients received(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that disequilibrium of the alveolar oxidant-antioxidant balance may play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic fibrosing lung diseases. Excessive production of oxidants and a differential regulation of antioxidant enzymes have been described under these conditions. We characterized for the first time numerous nonenzymatic(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to define the spectrum, activity, and spatial distribution of antimicrobial peptides in vernix caseosa and amniotic fluid in the absence of clinical chorioamnionitis. STUDY DESIGN Characterization of innate immune proteins in vernix and amniotic fluid obtained from pregnancies with gestational ages greater than 37 weeks(More)
RATIONALE The molecular pathomechanisms underlying idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are elusive, but chronic epithelial injury has recently been suggested as key event. OBJECTIVES We investigated the possible implication of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis in sporadic IPF. METHODS We analyzed peripheral explanted lung tissues from(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a life-threatening condition, with a median survival of <3 yrs. The pathophysiology is not fully understood, but chronic injury of alveolar epithelial type II cells (AECII) is considered key. In IPF, disturbed folding and processing of surfactant proteins and impaired DNA repair may represent underlying reasons for(More)